Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Princess Alice of Monaco’s family origins: French emigration to New Orleans, 18th-19th centuries.
As New Orleans is celebrating this year the tercentenary of its foundation (1718-2018), the Principality of Monaco has renewed its links with the Crescent City. The Mayor of New Orleans paid a visit to Monaco the past year and was followed by a recent visit of H.S.H. Prince Albert II to New Orleans. This article highlights the origins of such links, through the ﬁgure of princess Alice de Monaco, born in New Orleans and second wife of Prince Albert Ist. The settlement of Alice Heine’s family in New Orleans dates back to the revolutionary era. It is rooted in the intense movement of people between France, the West Indies and the United States. The itineraries of the families Miltenberger, Dorfeuille and Heine emphasize several migratory waves that transformed New Orleans into a major port-city and melting pot for several generations of French-speaking migrants. Alice Heine’s maternal ancestors were French colonists that settled in Saint-Domingue and were headed to New Orleans after the revolutionary troubles that led to Haiti’s independence. Alice’s great-grandparents and grandparents found in New Orleans new opportunities for success. Her father Michel Heine, from French and German origin, arrived later on in New Orleans, in the context of the city’s booming trade in the 1850s. Alice was born in 1857 but she and her family had to put a brutal end to their American life and go back to France because of the Civil War (1861-1865).
(full text in French)