Number 6 - 1982

Summary

The "Archives documents" section summarizes a text from an interesting ethnographic archive entitled "Researches about Monaco" from the late 18th century and the beginning of the 19th century. It’s a manuscript which highlights the concerns and the wonders of a local scholar. This analysis is complemented by the traditional princes’ biographies, thanks to the following topics : the numismatic collection, the wedding, the guard and the army career. The creation of "The Damnation of Faust", in the Raoul Gunsbourg version, the legendary Director of the Monte-Carlo Opera from 1892 to 1951, is the theme of the musical history section. (full texts in French)

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WHEN MACHIAVEL WENT ON A MISSION IN MONACO…

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - WHEN MACHIAVEL WENT ON A MISSION IN MONACO…

In may 1511, the secretary of the second Chancellery of the Florentine Republic, Nicolas Machiavel, went to Monaco in order to settle a disagreement caused by the seizure of a Florentine ship by Lucien Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco. This episode is described in the Italian wars political backgroung. (full text in French)

WHEN MACHIAVEL WENT ON A MISSION IN MONACO… - 1982

Antoine BATTAINI
Summary
THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : THE EMPEROR’S OFFICER. THE GERMAN AND POLISH CAMPAIGNS (1806-1807)

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : THE EMPEROR’S OFFICER. THE GERMAN AND POLISH CAMPAIGNS (1806-1807)

This study is the continuation of the article entitled “When the Grimaldi citizen served in the Republic armies”, in the issue n°4 of Annales monégasques. After a time of peace, during which Honoré Grimaldi moved away from the army, he distinguished himself as the Grouchy’s “aide de camp” during the German campaign in 1806 and became in 1807, Prince Murat’s “aide de camp”. (full text in French)

THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : THE EMPEROR’S OFFICER. THE GERMAN AND POLISH CAMPAIGNS (1806-1807) - 1982

René DIANA
Summary
THE GREAT WORKS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE DAMNATION OF FAUST” BY HECTOR BERLIOZ

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - THE GREAT WORKS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE DAMNATION OF FAUST” BY HECTOR BERLIOZ

In 1892, while the lyrical art was growing in Monaco, Raoul Gunsbourg took the lead of the Opera of Monte-Carlo. In his first season, Gunsbourg showed his boldness and dynamism by the creation of “The damnation of Faust” by Berlioz. (full text in French)

THE GREAT WORKS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE DAMNATION OF FAUST” BY HECTOR BERLIOZ - 1982

Paule DRUILHE
Summary
THE SIGNATURE OF A WEDDING CONTRACT IN THE 17<sup>th</sup> CENTURY : LOUIS DE MONACO AND CHARLOTTE DE GRAMONT

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - THE SIGNATURE OF A WEDDING CONTRACT IN THE 17th CENTURY : LOUIS DE MONACO AND CHARLOTTE DE GRAMONT

Immediate successor of his grand-father Honoré II, after the accidental death of his father Hercule, Louis I married, in 1660, Charlotte de Gramont, who came from the French nobility, in order to finalize the French alliance signed in the Treaty of Péronne. This study deals with the different wranglings preceding the signature of the wedding contract. (full text in French)

THE SIGNATURE OF A WEDDING CONTRACT IN THE 17th CENTURY : LOUIS DE MONACO AND CHARLOTTE DE GRAMONT - 1982

Joëlle KERAVEC
Summary
PRINCES HONORÉ II AND JACQUES I : NUMISMATISTS AND COLLECTORS

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - PRINCES HONORÉ II AND JACQUES I : NUMISMATISTS AND COLLECTORS

The princes Honoré II and Jacques I in particular, showed a great interest in numismatics. Honoré II held a cabinet of curiosities where he collected coins and medals. Inheriting this collection, Jacques I transformed it into a treasure trove and created a notable cabinet of medals in the Hotel Matignon. (full text in French)

PRINCES HONORÉ II AND JACQUES I : NUMISMATISTS AND COLLECTORS - 1982

Jean-Jacques TURC
Summary
THE PRINCES’ PERSONAL GUARD, FROM HONORÉ II TO ALBERT I

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - THE PRINCES’ PERSONAL GUARD, FROM HONORÉ II TO ALBERT I

From the beginning of the French alliance and the implementation of the Treaty of Péronne, a Prince guard had been created. This study summarises the evolutions of work forces, uniforms, armament and designation until Albert I, and the establishment of prince’s carabiniers. (full text in French)

THE PRINCES’ PERSONAL GUARD, FROM HONORÉ II TO ALBERT I - 1982

Stéphane VILAREM
Summary
ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE TRADITIONAL FESTIVITIES IN MONACO IN THE LATE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY AND UNDER THE RESTAURATION, BASED ON THE “SIGALDI MANUSCRIPT” (1812-1826)

Article from Number 6 - 1982 - ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE TRADITIONAL FESTIVITIES IN MONACO IN THE LATE 18th CENTURY AND UNDER THE RESTAURATION, BASED ON THE “SIGALDI MA...

This issue presents some extracts from a manuscript held in the Archives of the Palace and entitled “Research about Monaco or note to serve the history of this city”. Written by the knight Louis de Sigaldi, likely from 1812 to 1826, this text references the different festivities celebrated in Monaco, prior the French Revolution, and after the concordat. (full text in French)

ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE TRADITIONAL FESTIVITIES IN MONACO IN THE LATE 18th CENTURY AND UNDER THE RESTAURATION, BASED ON THE “SIGALDI MANUSCRIPT” (1812-1826) - 1982

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Number 5 - 1981

Summary

The Mediterranean sea is at the core of this issue. Indeed, it covers an academic study dedicated to the olive tree from the Middle Age to modern times, written by Jean-Baptiste Robert. The military history is explained in two articles : one of them completes the review about the fortress, previously published; the other one deals with the 18th century war which impacted the Principality. Antoine I’s biography entitled "A French prince", illustrates the acculturation process achievement that affected the dynasty in the late 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. The Belle Epoque in Monaco is related through its urban expansion and its tendency towards new technologies. (full texts in French)

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MONACO DURING THE WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION (1740-1748)

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - MONACO DURING THE WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION (1740-1748)

When the War of Austrian Succession started, the principality situated near the kingdom of Piemont-Sardaigne, was anxious regarding the Turin annexationism ambitions. The fate of the French garrison, which protected Monaco, was uncertain. Then, Prince Honoré III served in the army of Louis XV. This article describes the numerous repercussions of this war in the principality of Monaco. (full text in French)

MONACO DURING THE WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION (1740-1748) - 1981

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
MONACO, CRADLE OF THE MODERN AIR FORCE

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - MONACO, CRADLE OF THE MODERN AIR FORCE

Between 1902 and 1920, the principality of Monaco became an important spot of aeronautical experiences. They started with Alberto Santos-Dumont and Jacques Faure, who experimented balloons and dirigibles. Maurice Léger tested the first helicopter in the oceanographic Museum in 1905. Rougier and Fabre also experimented aeroplanes, in 1909 and 1911. From 1912, some competitions are organised in Monaco, momentarily stopped during the First World War. (full text in French)

MONACO, CRADLE OF THE MODERN AIR FORCE - 1981

Régis LECUYER
Summary
ANTOINE I, A FRENCH PRINCE

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - ANTOINE I, A FRENCH PRINCE

Born during the French protectorate of 1641, Antoine I (1661-1731) became prince thanks to his education, his qualifications, his knowledge, his artistic liking, his friendships, his military backgroung and courtier’s life and the interest he demostrated in French politics and artistic life. (full text in French)

ANTOINE I, A FRENCH PRINCE - 1981

Jannine MARTINEZ-ALLOLIO
Summary
THE ARMING OF THE MONACO’S FORTRESS

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - THE ARMING OF THE MONACO’S FORTRESS

This article studies the evolution of the fortress’s defensive capacities, from 13th to the 19th century, thanks to some old artillery inventories established, for most, at the death of each sovereign and held in the Archives of the Palace of Monaco. (full text in French)

THE ARMING OF THE MONACO’S FORTRESS - 1981

Claude PASSET
Summary
A PROBLEM OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION : THE OLIVE TREE FROM NICE TO MENTON, FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN TIMES

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - A PROBLEM OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION : THE OLIVE TREE FROM NICE TO MENTON, FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN TIMES

The olive growing in the French Riviera enjoyed unprecedented prosperity from the 18th to the 19th century. The olive oil was the main resource of many famers and it forms, with bread and wine, the “Mediterranean crop triad”. The Condamine was an important olive grove. After three long years of research, this article traces this history, a priori inseparable from the mediterranean identity. (full text in French)

A PROBLEM OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION : THE OLIVE TREE FROM NICE TO MENTON, FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN TIMES - 1981

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
A CONSEQUENCE OF THE MONACO DEVELOPMENT : THE CREATION OF THE CITY OF BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914)

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - A CONSEQUENCE OF THE MONACO DEVELOPMENT : THE CREATION OF THE CITY OF BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914)

Following the 1904 law, the territory of La Turbie was divided into two distinguished cities : La Turbie and Beausoleil. The accelerating urbanization from the beginning of the 19th century, was the reason why the hamlets of Carnier and Basse-Turbie were upgraded to the rank of city. This issue highlights the beginning of this new city and the development of the Monte-Carlo district. (full text in French)

A CONSEQUENCE OF THE MONACO DEVELOPMENT : THE CREATION OF THE CITY OF BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914) - 1981

Alain SIFFRE
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Number 4 - 1980

Summary

This forth issue covers the former fiefs of the dynasty in France, the soldier career of a prince who became a French citizen because of the Revolution; and the trade and health relationships between Monaco and Marseille in the 18th century. This issue also deals with music, literature and numismatics. (full texts in French)

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THE LANDS OF FRANCE GIVEN UP TO THE PRINCE OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TREATY OF PERONNE

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - THE LANDS OF FRANCE GIVEN UP TO THE PRINCE OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TREATY OF PERONNE

The article goes back over the lands of France given up to the prince of Monaco in 1642, in accordance with the Treaty of Peronne, namely : the dukedom of Valentinois in the Dauphiné, the marquisate of Baux and the seigneury of Saint-Rémy, in Provence, the Carladez (or Carladès) county in Haute-Auvergne and for a part, in the Rouergue, as well as the sub-fiefs of Calvinet and Buis baronies. (full text in French)

THE LANDS OF FRANCE GIVEN UP TO THE PRINCE OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE TREATY OF PERONNE - 1980

Guy DEFAULT
Summary
THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : WHEN THE CITIZEN GRIMALDI SERVED IN THE REPUBLIC’S ARMED FORCES (DECEMBER 1798 – JUNE 1801)

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : WHEN THE CITIZEN GRIMALDI SERVED IN THE REPUBLIC’S ARMED FORCES (DECEMBER 1798 – JUNE 1801)

Called up for serving in the armed forces in 1798 at the age of 20, the young Honoré Grimaldi served in the French cavalery regiment, under the Republic of Barras.  He was involved in military campaigns (in Belgium, Holland, Bavaria, where he distinguished in Hohenlinden), and became officer prior joining the General Grouchy’s service as a "aide de camp". (full text in French)

THROUGH THE CORRESPONDENCE OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : WHEN THE CITIZEN GRIMALDI SERVED IN THE REPUBLIC’S ARMED FORCES (DECEMBER 1798 – JUNE 1801) - 1980

René DIANA
Summary
A GREAT CONDUCTOR OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : LÉON JEHIN (1853-1928)

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - A GREAT CONDUCTOR OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : LÉON JEHIN (1853-1928)

Born in Spa, in Belgium, Léon Jehin studied at the conservatories of Liège and Brussels. After an experience in Anvers, Aix-les Bains and Covent Garden, he became in 1889, the conductor of the Opera of Monte-Carlo, succeeding Athur Steck. High ranking musical technician, he directed this orchestra until his death in 1928. (full text in French)

A GREAT CONDUCTOR OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : LÉON JEHIN (1853-1928) - 1980

Georges FAVRE
Summary
THE MONEGASQUE HEALTH ADMINISTRATION AND MARSEILLE AS A STRATEGIC SPOT (18<sup>th</sup> – 19<sup>th</sup> CENTURIES)

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - THE MONEGASQUE HEALTH ADMINISTRATION AND MARSEILLE AS A STRATEGIC SPOT (18th – 19th CENTURIES)

In the 18th and 19th centuries, the need to protect from contagious diseases which wreaked havoc, and the necessity to keep and develop the commercial traffic in the Mediterranean sea, led to set up a health administrative network. People infected from Levant, Barbary and other countries were sent to Toulon and mainly Marseille. This article studies the practices of the Monegasque health administration at that time, through the correspondence between the health office of Marseille and the Monaco health specialists. (full text in French)

THE MONEGASQUE HEALTH ADMINISTRATION AND MARSEILLE AS A STRATEGIC SPOT (18th – 19th CENTURIES) - 1980

Françoise HILDESHEIMER
Summary
THE ISSUANCE OF PAPER CURRENCY IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO AND THE MONETARY CRISIS FROM 1920 TO 1926

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - THE ISSUANCE OF PAPER CURRENCY IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO AND THE MONETARY CRISIS FROM 1920 TO 1926

The monetary crisis occured from the First World War to 1926. The inflation in France caused the increase of number of paper currency issuance. Facing the same problems, the princely government decided to issue some « currency vouchers ». This decision led to the creation and the management of this paper currency until 1926. (full text in French)

THE ISSUANCE OF PAPER CURRENCY IN THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO AND THE MONETARY CRISIS FROM 1920 TO 1926 - 1980

Jean-Jacques TURC
Summary
APOLLINAIRE IN THE PRINCIPALITY

Article from Number 4 - 1980 - APOLLINAIRE IN THE PRINCIPALITY

Written on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of Guillaume Apollinaire’s birth, this article describes the poet’s childhood and adolescence in Monaco, his family history, the places he frequented, his education and his friendships. Some poems illustrate this description. (full text in French)

APOLLINAIRE IN THE PRINCIPALITY - 1980

Jean-Jacques VARAGNAT
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Number 3 - 1979

Summary

This issue presents a biography of the only Sovereign Princess of Monaco, but also an interesting archeological study about the ramparts of the fortress of Monaco. The Principality’s musical history is covered, as well as the sovereignty foundations and the dynasty inheritance. This issue also talks about a famous visitor from the 17th century, and his view of Monaco. (full texts in French)

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 LOUISE-HIPPOLYTE GRIMALDI, SOVEREIGN PRINCESS OF MONACO

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - LOUISE-HIPPOLYTE GRIMALDI, SOVEREIGN PRINCESS OF MONACO

Louise-Hippolyte of Monaco was born in 1697, daughter of Prince Antoine I and Marie de Lorraine. In 1715, she married the earl of Torigni Jacques de Goyon-Matignon, while he took the name and the arms of the Grimaldis. Louis-Hippolyte assumed the throne after her father’s death on January 20th 1731, and became as a result, the first princess reigning in Monaco. She died a few months later, at the age of 34. (full text in French)

LOUISE-HIPPOLYTE GRIMALDI, SOVEREIGN PRINCESS OF MONACO - 1979

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
TEN YEARS OF LYRIC THEATER AT THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO (1879-1889)

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - TEN YEARS OF LYRIC THEATER AT THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO (1879-1889)

The Salle Garnier, the new Opera of Monte-Carlo, was inaugurated in 1879. Its activity increased over the next decade. This study highlights each lyrical season since 1889, and is the continuation of the article entitled " The origins of the lyric theater in Monte-Carlo. From gaming houses to the Salle Garnier (1855-1879) ", published in the 1st Annales monégasques in 1977, and written by the same author. (full text in French)

TEN YEARS OF LYRIC THEATER AT THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO (1879-1889) - 1979

Paule DRUILHE
Summary
THE FORTIFICATIONS OF MONACO

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - THE FORTIFICATIONS OF MONACO

Inspired by historians such as Gustave Saige, Léon-Honoré Labande and the canon Villeneuve, Claude Passet completes the information provided by those authors and studies the defensive developments of Monaco, between the 13th and the 19th century. Initially a small castle on a rock, the citadel became a real fortress in the 16th century, and was modernized under Antoine I. (full text in French)

THE FORTIFICATIONS OF MONACO - 1979

Claude PASSET
Summary
A MAGE ON THE ROCK OF MONACO : ANTOINE GODEAU IN THE PRINCIPALITY TO VISIT HONORÉ II

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - A MAGE ON THE ROCK OF MONACO : ANTOINE GODEAU IN THE PRINCIPALITY TO VISIT HONORÉ II

Antoine Godeau (1605-1672), man of letters, bishop of Grasse and Vence, was a regular at the Madeleine de Scudéry’s salon and advisor to the King. Antoine Godeau was also a close neighbour of Prince Honoré II, with whom he corresponded. He even reminisced about his visits to the Prince’s Palace. (full text in French)

A MAGE ON THE ROCK OF MONACO : ANTOINE GODEAU IN THE PRINCIPALITY TO VISIT HONORÉ II - 1979

René PINTARD
Summary
HOUSE OF GRIMALDI : THE ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL EVOLUTIONS OF THE INHERITANCE LAW

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - HOUSE OF GRIMALDI : THE ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL EVOLUTIONS OF THE INHERITANCE LAW

The article covers the inheritance matters within the Grimaldi, who, although influenced by the Genoa customs from the Middle Ages and the French capetian habits, worked out a law where women could reign, provided that their husband belonged " either to the race, or to the Albergue of Grimaldi ". The author also mentions Louise-Hippolyte, sole heir of Prince Antoine I. (full text in French)

HOUSE OF GRIMALDI : THE ORIGINS AND HISTORICAL EVOLUTIONS OF THE INHERITANCE LAW - 1979

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
IN MEMORIAM: REVERENDO PADRE LUIGGI FROLLA

Article from Number 3 - 1979 - IN MEMORIAM: REVERENDO PADRE LUIGGI FROLLA

IN MEMORIAM: REVERENDO PADRE LUIGGI FROLLA - 1979

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Number 2 - 1978

Summary

This issue highlights two dynastic and ecclesiastical figures : Antoine I‘s brother, bishop of Besançon at the beginning of the 18th century, and Augustin Grimaldi, both bishop of Grasse and Lord of Monaco at the beginning of the 16th century. Coins and stamps, language and heraldry, are here presented as a showcase of the sovereignty. The summary of a university degree about the Enlightenment and the overview of Prince Antoine I’s musical correspondence, highlight the integration of Monaco and its princes in the free flow of ideas and cultural practices. (full texts in French)

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HIS HIGHNESS LORD HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS OF GRIMALDI. BISHOP OF BESANÇON, 1669-1748

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - HIS HIGHNESS LORD HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS OF GRIMALDI. BISHOP OF BESANÇON, 1669-1748

Honoré-François of Grimaldi was the youngest son of Louis I and Catherine-Charlotte de Gramont, and the brother of Antoine I. Firstly Knight of Malta, he studied theology at the Sorbonne and obtained his Bachelor degree in 1695. Ordained as a priest in 1699, he then became priest of Monaco. In 1717, he headed the Saint-Maixent Abbey in Poitou, and was finally appointed bishop of Besançon in 1723. He died in Paris in 1748, at the age of 78. (full text in French)

HIS HIGHNESS LORD HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS OF GRIMALDI. BISHOP OF BESANÇON, 1669-1748 - 1978

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
PROVERBS IN THE MONEGASQUE EVERYDAY LIFE

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - PROVERBS IN THE MONEGASQUE EVERYDAY LIFE

After a first part dedicated to the use and importance of proverbs in general, Robert Boisson lists several Monegasque proverbs, sorted by themes. (full text in French)

PROVERBS IN THE MONEGASQUE EVERYDAY LIFE - 1978

Robert BOISSON
Summary
THE EVOLUTION OF THE MONEGASQUE PHILATELY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - THE EVOLUTION OF THE MONEGASQUE PHILATELY

The first stamps from Monaco were issued in 1885. Bearing the effigy of Prince Charles III, they were letterpress printed, and some of them already had two colours. In 1922, Monaco was one of the first countries to print stamps in intaglio. They illustrated various places : the Palace, the Rock of Monaco as well as Sainte Devote's Bridge. (full text in French)

THE EVOLUTION OF THE MONEGASQUE PHILATELY - 1978

Hyacinthe CHIAVASSA
Summary
THE GRIMALDIS FACING THE LIMITATION OF THE FRENCH HERALDIC CAPACITY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - THE GRIMALDIS FACING THE LIMITATION OF THE FRENCH HERALDIC CAPACITY

After a reminder regarding the various branches of the Grimaldi family, the author talks about the strict limitations of the French heraldic capacity and its impacts on the different Grimaldi family members, under the reign of Louis XIV and during the First Empire. (full text in French)

THE GRIMALDIS FACING THE LIMITATION OF THE FRENCH HERALDIC CAPACITY - 1978

Pierre-Jean CIAUDO
Summary
NEW IDEAS IN MONACO DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - NEW IDEAS IN MONACO DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Alain Cudraz paints a broad picture of the Principality in the 18th century, especially under the long reign of Prince Honoré III. The author studies and establishes some links between several aspects of Monaco at that time. Among them : its area, population, administration, the princely economic thoughts, the agricultural economy, the commercial measures, arts, entertainments, feasts and printing. (full text in French)

NEW IDEAS IN MONACO DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT - 1978

Alain CUDRAZ
Summary
ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18th CENTURY

Art lover, Prince Antoine I was interested in the evolution of literature, paint, but above all music, his chosen field. From 1721 to 1730, he engaged a regular correspondence with Dominique Bernardony, his representative in Paris, or with Le Page, his secretary. This correspondence, the minutes books of which are kept in the Archives of the Prince’s Palace, gives us some more information about the  Prince’s permanent quest for the last religious or profane works printed in Paris. The article shows a selection of quotes from documents dated 1729, in relation with music. (full text in French)

ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18th CENTURY - 1978

Georges FAVRE
Summary
AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI, WITNESS AND PLAYER OF THE MEDITERRANEAN HISTORY AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI, WITNESS AND PLAYER OF THE MEDITERRANEAN HISTORY AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

Augustin Grimaldi devoted himself to an ecclesiastical life. In 1501, after his studies, he was in charge of the Lérin Abbey, one of the oldest and the most powerful abbeys of Provence. He was appointed bishop of Grasse in 1505, when his uncle died. In 1523, after his brother’s murder, Lucien Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco, Augustin had to act as Lord of Monaco. He entered into an alliance with Charles Quint in 1524, with the Burgos Treaty. (full text in French)

AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI, WITNESS AND PLAYER OF THE MEDITERRANEAN HISTORY AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT - 1978

Georges GRINDA
Summary
HONORE V’S CURRENCIES IN MARSEILLE (1837-1838)

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - HONORE V’S CURRENCIES IN MARSEILLE (1837-1838)

The article deals with 9 authentic documents, which reveal the confusion in Marseille in 1837, after the emergence of high quality coins made with copper and stricken by the « Hôtel des Monnaies de Monaco ». Indeed, the currency circulation out of the Principality was a problem for political reasons. (full text in French)

HONORE V’S CURRENCIES IN MARSEILLE (1837-1838) - 1978

E.-J. LETALLEC
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GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE IN MONACO

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE IN MONACO

Apollinaire spent part of his childhood in Monaco, between 1887 and 1895. Even if he did not make any reference of this period in his work, or only once in obiter, the years spent in Monaco had a significant influence in his poet career, as he was educated at that time. According to Thérèse Romeo, Monaco, its casino and above all, the Saint-Charles’ school, shaped Guillaume Apollinaire’s sensibility. (full text in French)

GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE IN MONACO - 1978

Thérèse ROMEO
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Number 1 - 1977

Summary

"We had a duty to give the opportunity, to local and international researchers who leant over the history of Monaco with selflessness, to see the result of their studious and patient work. Thus, by encouraging the achievement of this new review, H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince, shows his interest in history and his gratefulness to people who are at the service of the reputation of Monaco". This was the objective of Franck Biancheri, the palace’s archives curator and founder of the review. He is also the author of the preface of this first eclectic issue, dealing with numismatics, linguistics, military, religious and musical history. (full texts in French)

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A PRIEST FROM MONACO IN THE 17<sup>th</sup> CENTURY : DON DOMINIQUE PACCHIERO (1580/1585 – 1662)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - A PRIEST FROM MONACO IN THE 17th CENTURY : DON DOMINIQUE PACCHIERO (1580/1585 – 1662)

Born around 1580-1585 in an old and important family from Menton and Roquebrune, Dominique Pacchiero became, in the 17th century, an important character from the Monaco history. Early attracted by the priesthood, he was nominated, in 1615, priest of the Saint Nicholas parish, by the bishop of Nice and the Lord and Prince of Monaco, Honoré II. Man of the cloth, historian, chronicler and future Prince’s privy councillor, Don Parecchiero was a smart diplomat and man of influence in Monaco. (full text in French)

A PRIEST FROM MONACO IN THE 17th CENTURY : DON DOMINIQUE PACCHIERO (1580/1585 – 1662) - 1977

Louis BAUDOIN
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ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS : THE MEETING BETWEEN HONORÉ V AND NAPOLEON ON HIS RETURN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA, ON MARCH 2, 1815

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS : THE MEETING BETWEEN HONORÉ V AND NAPOLEON ON HIS RETURN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA, ON MARCH 2, 1815

On his return from the island of Elba in 1815, near Cannes, the Emperor Napoleon met Prince Honoré V, who came to repossess his State. This episode was the source of a witticism, probably inspired by a cronicler of that time, then taken up in history books and even by Alexandre Dumas. However, this is a picturesque view further from the truth. (full text in French)

ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS : THE MEETING BETWEEN HONORÉ V AND NAPOLEON ON HIS RETURN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA, ON MARCH 2, 1815 - 1977

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary

Lors de son retour de l’île d’Elbe en 1815, près de Cannes, l’empereur Napoléon rencontre le prince Honoré V, qui vient reprendre possession de ses États. Cet épisode est à l’origine d’une anecdote en forme de boutade, probablement imaginée par un chroniqueur de l’époque, puis reprise dans les livres d’histoire et même par Alexandre Dumas dans un récit. Il s’agit pourtant d’une vision pittoresque éloignée de la réalité.

THE ORIGINS OF THE LYRIC THEATER IN MONTE-CARLO. FROM THE GAMING HOUSES TO SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE ORIGINS OF THE LYRIC THEATER IN MONTE-CARLO. FROM THE GAMING HOUSES TO SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879)

In parallel with the creation of Monte-Carlo, the second part of the 19th century saw the develpment of artistic activities, which were aimed at entertaining the wealthy European visitors customers who came to Monaco to spend the winter. In 1866, a small theatre was built and the first theatre seasons started in Monte-Carlo. This lyric life was marked by the creation of the Salle Garnier at the end of the 1870s. (full text in French)

THE ORIGINS OF THE LYRIC THEATER IN MONTE-CARLO. FROM THE GAMING HOUSES TO SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879) - 1977

Paule DRUILHE
Summary
A MONEGASQUE COMPOSER : HONORE LANGLE (1741-1807)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - A MONEGASQUE COMPOSER : HONORE LANGLE (1741-1807)

Born into a French family originally from Picardie who settled in Monaco in the 17th century, Honoré Langlé showed an aptitude for music from a young age. At the age of 15, he went to Naples to learn composition. After having managed the Genoa theater, he went to France in 1768, where he became increasingly involved in the artistic life in Paris, before reaching an honourable rank in the contemporary French school. (full text in French)

A MONEGASQUE COMPOSER : HONORE LANGLE (1741-1807) - 1977

Georges FAVRE
Summary
MONACO : ITS NATIONAL IDIOM

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - MONACO : ITS NATIONAL IDIOM

After dealing with the importance and the use of dialectology, the author analyses the " Monaco speaking language ", its origins, its geographical area and specificities. He reviews the similarities and the differences bewteen the Monegasque and the genoa speeches, but also the provençal influence. (full text in French)

MONACO : ITS NATIONAL IDIOM - 1977

Louis FROLLA
Summary
THE SOURCES OF THE « PASSIO DEVOTAE ». A UNIQUE MANUSCRIPT. PARIS, B. N. LAT. 5248 (12<sup>th</sup> CENTURY)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE SOURCES OF THE « PASSIO DEVOTAE ». A UNIQUE MANUSCRIPT. PARIS, B. N. LAT. 5248 (12th CENTURY)

In the tradition, Devota, Devote, a young christian girl born in Corsica, was allegedly tortured during the Diocletian and Maximian Empire, in 303 or 304. Her body, kidnapped by the Christians, would have been carried in a small craft to Monaco, and entombed in a valley near a church dedicated to Saint Georges. The facts are reported in a document entitled Passio Devotae, or Saint Devote's Passion, the only biographical source of this figure. (full text in French) 

THE SOURCES OF THE « PASSIO DEVOTAE ». A UNIQUE MANUSCRIPT. PARIS, B. N. LAT. 5248 (12th CENTURY) - 1977

Claude PASSET
Summary
LA CONDAMINE OF MONACO IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - LA CONDAMINE OF MONACO IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Located at the foot of the roch, in the cove of the port of Monaco, La Condamine could be considered as an historic suburb, as opposed to an old village huddled in a defensive relief, which was the case of many european cities, in medieval times. Far from it : this lowland sloping down to the coastline, urbanized late. Jean-Baptiste Robert studies the origins of the name « Condamine », the reasons behind the absence of urbanization, and talks about its possible cultivations in the Middle Ages. (full text in French)

LA CONDAMINE OF MONACO IN THE MIDDLE AGES - 1977

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
THE “HÔTEL DES MONNAIES” IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGN OF PRINCE HONORÉ V

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE “HÔTEL DES MONNAIES” IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGN OF PRINCE HONORÉ V

At the beginning of the 19th century, willing to develop its principality, Honoré V tried to promote the growth of small industries in Monaco. Among other measures, he decided to open a Mint in order to strike Monegasque coins. The factory activity started in 1837 but it was not a success. In 1838, the activity stopped and the workers were fired, because of a ban of Monaco’s currencies in France and Piedmont. (full text in French)

THE “HÔTEL DES MONNAIES” IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGN OF PRINCE HONORÉ V - 1977

Jean-Jacques TURC
Summary
THE GARRISON OF MONACO FROM 1215 TO 1605

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE GARRISON OF MONACO FROM 1215 TO 1605

The walls of the current Prince’s Palace were built in 1215, with the aim of defending the town, a Genoese colony of citizens who came from the metropolis. This town became a garrison, initially accommodating soldiers. The article covers the evolution of the garrison from the 13th to the beginning of the 17th century. (full text in French) 

THE GARRISON OF MONACO FROM 1215 TO 1605 - 1977

Stéphane VILAREM
Summary
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