Number 16 - 1992

Summary

This issue presents a range of articles chronologically uninterrupted. It first talks about the court ballets performed in Monaco in the middle of the 17th century, then Menton in the era of Louis I and Antoine I. The black penitents until the revolutionary troubles, are also refered to. The empire transformed the Palace into a beggars’ home, but after its fall, a Sardinian protectorate was established. In the next century, a study about a woman of letters’ relation with Monaco puts an end to this overview. (full texts in French)

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THE BLACK PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - THE BLACK PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS

The article describes the history of the Black Penitents of Monaco, from their origins in the 17th century, to their disappearance, during the revolutionary period in the 18th century. The author talks about the status, goods, duties and customs of the Black Penitents. (full text in French)

THE BLACK PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS - 1992

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
THE COURT BALLET IN MONACO (1654-1655)

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - THE COURT BALLET IN MONACO (1654-1655)

Under the reign of Prince Honoré II, after the Treaty of Péronne and the French alliance, the court of Monaco organised more and more celebrations, notably on the occasion of the Carnival. The court ballet, inspired by the French model, was created in Monaco in the middle of the 17th century. The two ballets that performed in 1654 and 1655, are presented in this study. (full text in French)

THE COURT BALLET IN MONACO (1654-1655) - 1992

Paule DRUILHE-FAVRE
Summary
THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE. THE SETTLEMENT OF A SARDINIAN PROTECTORATE (1815-1817)

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE. THE SETTLEMENT OF A SARDINIAN PROTECTORATE (1815-1817)

Completing an article entitled “The Principality of Monaco under the fall of the First French Empire (1815-1817)”, published in the issue n°13 of Annales monégasques, this study discusses the consequences of the Treaty of Paris (November 1815), which put Monaco under the protection of the Kingdom of Sardinia. The settlement of this new protectorate, very different from the previous ones, led to important negotiations and marked a new step in the history of Monaco. (full text in French)

THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE. THE SETTLEMENT OF A SARDINIAN PROTECTORATE (1815-1817) - 1992

Thierry GARBATINI
Summary
A “BEGGING ESTABLISHMENT” IN MONACO, UNDER THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - A “BEGGING ESTABLISHMENT” IN MONACO, UNDER THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE

Under the French Revolution and Empire, Monaco was annexed by France and became a part of the Alpes-Maritimes department. In 1808, Napoleon promulgated a decree in order to put an end to wandering and begging. Some “begging and charity establishments” had to be settled in each departments, to gather the beggars. In the Alpes-Maritimes, the Palace of Monaco is chosen, as it had been empty for a few years, it was in the city center, had a large number of rooms and an important surface. (full text in French)

A “BEGGING ESTABLISHMENT” IN MONACO, UNDER THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE - 1992

Thérèse GHIZZI/Robert FILLON
Summary
COLETTE AND MONACO : A PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - COLETTE AND MONACO : A PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP

The Archives of the Palace of Monaco keep approximately twenty letters written by the writer Colette, addressed to Prince Pierre of Monaco and Prince Rainier III, during her stays in Monaco between 1948 and 1954. This correspondence, presented and published in this article, allows us to find out more about the last years of Colette’s life, and on some traits of her personality. (full text in French)

COLETTE AND MONACO : A PARTICULAR RELATIONSHIP - 1992

Martine ROUSSEAU-CHATELAIN
Summary
MENTON UNDER THE REIGN OF THE PRINCES LOUIS I AND ANTOINE I (1662-1731)

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - MENTON UNDER THE REIGN OF THE PRINCES LOUIS I AND ANTOINE I (1662-1731)

This study deals with the evolution of Menton after the death of Prince Honoré II. Under the reign of Louis I (1662-1701), Menton developed the lemon trade and became the Principality’s first port. The population in Menton diversified because of the emergence of some nobles and upper middle classes. This situation stabilized under the reign of Prince Antoine I (1701-1731). (full text in French)

MENTON UNDER THE REIGN OF THE PRINCES LOUIS I AND ANTOINE I (1662-1731) - 1992

Stéphane VILAREM
Summary
IN MEMORIAM: STÉPHANE VILAREM

Article from Number 16 - 1992 - IN MEMORIAM: STÉPHANE VILAREM

IN MEMORIAM: STÉPHANE VILAREM - 1992

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Number 15 - 1991

Summary

The Monegasque population and society are once again reviewed in a broad article, thanks to a unique and original document. Another study refers to the spiritual capacity within this society and is illustrated by the example of the Confraternity of white penitents. An article about Princess Marie de Lorraine allows us to have a broader view of this era, while, regarding the 19th century, Nietzche, Wagner and the Opera of Monte Carlo are covered in another study. (full texts in French)

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THE WHITE PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - THE WHITE PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS

The article deals with the history of the White penitents of Monaco, from their origins in the 13th and 14th centuries, to their disappearance, during the revolutionary period in the 18th century. The author also covers the feasts, ceremonies, services and customs linked to the function of the White Penitents, as well as the chapels devoted to them. (full text in French)

THE WHITE PENITENTS OF MONACO AND THEIR CHAPELS - 1991

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
NIETZSCHE AND WAGNER

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - NIETZSCHE AND WAGNER

In the end of the 19th century, Nietzsche, a music lover, often went to Nice during winter and enjoyed live music in Monte-Carlo. While his relationship with Wagner got worse, he was completely upset by the prelude of Parsifal, during a concert in December 1886. Nevertheless, this episode stood for the rediscovery of French and Italian music. (full text in French)

NIETZSCHE AND WAGNER - 1991

Mireille DUPONTHIEUX
Summary
“ PARSIFAL ” AT THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - “ PARSIFAL ” AT THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER

In the beginning of the 20th century, Raoul Gunsbourg, director of the Monte-Carlo Theater from 1893 to 1951, dreamt about the creation of Parsifal by Wagner. This project was initially impossible as the composer had given the exclusivity of his score to the Beyrouth Theater, for thirty years after his death, that is to say in January 1st 1914. Gunsbourg made his dream come true in January 1914, and it was a huge success. (full text in French)

“ PARSIFAL ” AT THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER - 1991

Georges FAVRE
Summary
BANVILLE’S STAY IN MONACO, THE EDEN DISCOVERY

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - BANVILLE’S STAY IN MONACO, THE EDEN DISCOVERY

In 1859, Théodore de Banville stayed in Nice for seven months. He wrote some chronicles published in “Le Moniteur universel”, from January 7th to June 6th 1860. Those chronicles were then gathered in a book entitled “La mer de Nice”, in which Théodore de Banville dedicated five chapters to the Principality of Monaco. He described each aspect of the city and its inhabitants, and presented Monaco as heaven on earth. (full text in French)

BANVILLE’S STAY IN MONACO, THE EDEN DISCOVERY - 1991

Yves-Alain FAVRE
Summary
THE MONEGASQUE POPULATION AND SOCIETY IN THE 17<sup>th</sup> CENTURY, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE « STATUS ANIMARUM » BY DON PACCHIERO

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - THE MONEGASQUE POPULATION AND SOCIETY IN THE 17th CENTURY, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE « STATUS ANIMARUM » BY DON PACCHIERO

Relying on the “Status Animarum” by Don Pacchiero, census of Monaco in the 17th century, this study deals with several aspects of the population nature in Monaco in the 17th century : population pyramid, life expectancy, social category, family setting, names and first names, foreigner status, population move, domestics, jobs, etc… (full text in French)

THE MONEGASQUE POPULATION AND SOCIETY IN THE 17th CENTURY, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE « STATUS ANIMARUM » BY DON PACCHIERO - 1991

Inès et Claude PASSET
Summary
PRINCESS MARIE DE LORRAINE, WITNESS OF HER TIME

Article from Number 15 - 1991 - PRINCESS MARIE DE LORRAINE, WITNESS OF HER TIME

Daughter of Louis I de Lorraine, count of Armagnac, Marie de Lorraine married Prince Antoine I of Monaco in Versailles in 1688. The princess did not get along with her husband; she stayed in Versailles where she had a successful part within the French court and she rarely came to Monaco. She died in 1724. Through Marie de Lorraine’s life, this study illustrates some features of her time. (full text in French)

PRINCESS MARIE DE LORRAINE, WITNESS OF HER TIME - 1991

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
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Number 14 - 1990

Summary

Two important studies are presented in this issue. On one hand, the plague in Monaco in 1631, on the other hand, the journeys of Prince Albert I in Africa. Arts are obviously discussed thanks to the publication of a musical correspondence and the early days of the cinema. The contemporary fortifications within the region are also studied. (full texts in French) 

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MONACO AND THE PLAGUE

Article from Number 14 - 1990 - MONACO AND THE PLAGUE

During the Middle Ages and the modern times, the region between Genoa and Marseille was exposed to the propagation of the plague, notably because of its shipping activity. Between the 14th and the 18th centuries, this curse damaged the region on a recurring basis. A chronicle from the 17th century describes this infamous epidemic of 1631. (full text in French)

MONACO AND THE PLAGUE - 1990

Maryse et Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
THE STRENGTHEN ENVIRONMENT OF MONACO IN THE 19<sup>th</sup> CENTURY : THE “LIGNE SÉRÉ DE RIVIÈRES”, IN THE ALPES-MARITIMES

Article from Number 14 - 1990 - THE STRENGTHEN ENVIRONMENT OF MONACO IN THE 19th CENTURY : THE “LIGNE SÉRÉ DE RIVIÈRES”, IN THE ALPES-MARITIMES

After the surrender of French armies in Sedan in 1870, the Italian government passed a legislation, one year after, regarding the restructuring of the defensive system in the Alpes. The French government, for its part, assigned to the General Séré de Rivières, the “Comité de Défense” in order to defend its borders. The latter, fortified the border regions, among which the Alpes-Maritimes. (full text in French)

THE STRENGTHEN ENVIRONMENT OF MONACO IN THE 19th CENTURY : THE “LIGNE SÉRÉ DE RIVIÈRES”, IN THE ALPES-MARITIMES - 1990

Hyacinthe CHIAVASSA
Summary
ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 14 - 1990 - ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18th CENTURY

Following the correspondence between Antoine I and his representative in Paris, published in the second issue of the Annales monégasques, this article now presents another part of this correspondence, during the first half of 1730. (full text in French)

ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18th CENTURY - 1990

Georges FAVRE
Summary
PRINCE ALBERT I AND AFRICA

Article from Number 14 - 1990 - PRINCE ALBERT I AND AFRICA

Prince Albert I, famous oceanographer, was also an Africa explorer. This continent had an important place during his sailor and scientist career. On several occasions between 1865 and 1921, he travelled up and down Africa, in particular in Tunisia, Morocco, Algeria, Ethiopia and Canary Islands. The prince discovered the local societies and participated to numerous hunting parties. (full text in French)

PRINCE ALBERT I AND AFRICA - 1990

Robert MAESTRI
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THE BEGINNING OF THE CINEMA IN MONACO

Article from Number 14 - 1990 - THE BEGINNING OF THE CINEMA IN MONACO

The cinematograph was born in France in 1895. Two years later, it expanded in Monaco but remained episodic until 1908. In 1909 and 1910, the cinema was suddenly developed before the war. From 1919, it took part to the Monegasque everyday life. (full text in French)

THE BEGINNING OF THE CINEMA IN MONACO - 1990

Martine MARI
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Number 13 - 1989

Summary

This issue is largely dedicated to the contemporary history. The Revolution and the fall of the Empire are both episodes covered in two articles. In more recent times, the review describes the visit of Maupassant in Monaco in 1887 and the publication of some fanciful pages regarding this country. Two years later, Monaco participated to the Universal Exhibition of 1889, by introducing the works of Prince Albert I. Louis II’s military career is also studied, while the “Archives document” presents a 19th century manuscript about the Devota feast day. (full texts in French)

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PRINCE ALBERT OF MONACO AND THE UNIVERSAL EXHIBITION OF 1889

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - PRINCE ALBERT OF MONACO AND THE UNIVERSAL EXHIBITION OF 1889

Monaco took part in the universal exhibition in 1889. The area given to the Principality was small but well situated. The pavilion, built by Ernest Janty, and the garden refered to Monaco : brightness, colours, exuberance of vegetation. This exposition allowed, among other things, to make a presentation of the first oceanographic campaigns of Prince Albert. The results obtained, the equipment used, and the participation of the prince to many international congresses during the exhibition, allowed Prince Albert to have a scientific renown. (full text in French)

PRINCE ALBERT OF MONACO AND THE UNIVERSAL EXHIBITION OF 1889 - 1989

Jacqueline CARPINE-LANCRE
Summary
PRINCE LOUIS II OF MONACO : HIS MILITARY CAREER

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - PRINCE LOUIS II OF MONACO : HIS MILITARY CAREER

This article charts Prince Louis II career in the French army. After having studied in Saint-Cyr and at the Saumur School of Cavalry, he was assigned to the 1st foreign regiment, and was seconded to the 2nd hunters of Africa in 1893. During the First World War, he joined the 5th army staff. Major and colonel at the end of the war, Prince Louis II put an end to his military carrer when his father died. (full text in French)

PRINCE LOUIS II OF MONACO : HIS MILITARY CAREER - 1989

Jacques DELALEU
Summary
THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE (1814-1815)

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE (1814-1815)

When the First French Empire fell, Monaco faced an uncertain fate as the Principality was annexed by France. After many negotiations, two treaties of Paris (May 30th 1814 and November 20th 1815) allowed the Grimaldis to head the Principality, but Monaco was enclosed in the Piedmont-Sardinia, the influence of which was increasing. (full text in French)

THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO DURING THE FALL OF THE FIRST FRENCH EMPIRE (1814-1815) - 1989

Thierry GARBATINI
Summary
THE ORIGINS OF THE MONEGASQUE REVOLUTION (1792-1793)

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - THE ORIGINS OF THE MONEGASQUE REVOLUTION (1792-1793)

In autumn 1792, the Principality faced many troubles as it was annexed by France. The author tries to determine if the revolution in Monaco was the result of the French influence, sustained or supported by the population. (full text in French)

THE ORIGINS OF THE MONEGASQUE REVOLUTION (1792-1793) - 1989

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
GUY DE MAUPASSANT : A SHORT STOPOVER

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - GUY DE MAUPASSANT : A SHORT STOPOVER

Following a short stopover in Monaco in April 1887, Guy de Maupassant, then aged 37 and already well-known, dedicated some fantasy-based pages to the Principality, in a collection entitled “Sur l’eau”. This text rather humorist, describes Monaco as a military powerless state, without any moral and religious strengths, and devoiding a real judicial system. According to him, the Sovereign was using a vain authority and he considered the population as mindless subjects. (full text in French)

GUY DE MAUPASSANT : A SHORT STOPOVER - 1989

Martine ROUSSEAU-CHATELAIN
Summary
ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SAINT DEVOTA FEAST DAY, PATRON SAINT OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MANUSCRIPT OF LOUIS-VINCENT BOSIO (1843)

Article from Number 13 - 1989 - ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SAINT DEVOTA FEAST DAY, PATRON SAINT OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MANUSCRIPT OF LOUIS-VINCENT BOSIO (1843)

Louis-Vincent Bosio, wrote a manuscript around 1840-1843, entitled “Notices sur Monaco”. This text is an invaluable account about the Monaco lifestyle in the late 18th century and in the beginning of the 19th century. This article is composed of the publication of a chapter from this manuscript, entitled “Saint-Devota feast day, patron saint of Monaco”. (full text in French)

ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SAINT DEVOTA FEAST DAY, PATRON SAINT OF MONACO, IN ACCORDANCE WITH THE MANUSCRIPT OF LOUIS-VINCENT BOSIO (1843) - 1989

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Number 12 - 1988

Summary

Two articles highlight an anecdote linked to the history of the Palace: the death of Duke of York, brother of King George III of the United Kingdom, in Monaco in 1767. The first article covers the life of Duke of York, his death and funeral, while a second study is dedicated to the visit of Prince Honore III to England as a consequence of this tragic event. Then, another article deals with the works done on the Palais de Carnolès and on the old organs of Saint Nicholas Church. This issue also covers the counter-revolution which took place in the region, and the exceptional career of Raoul Gunsbourg, director of the Monte-Carlo Theater for six decades. (full texts in French)

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THE TRIP OF PRINCE HONORÉ III IN ENGLAND (1768) (BASED ON THE LETTERS AND REPORTS FROM GENERAL MILLO)

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - THE TRIP OF PRINCE HONORÉ III IN ENGLAND (1768) (BASED ON THE LETTERS AND REPORTS FROM GENERAL MILLO)

Following the death of the Duke of York, the brother of King Goerge III, in Monaco in September 1767, Prince Honoré III was invited in England in April and May 1768. He had an obliging welcome with dinners and receptions. Honoré III also visited Oxford, Cambridge, Portsmouth, Bristol, Newmarket and Bath. (full text in French)

THE TRIP OF PRINCE HONORÉ III IN ENGLAND (1768) (BASED ON THE LETTERS AND REPORTS FROM GENERAL MILLO) - 1988

René DIANA
Summary
RAOUL GUNSBOURG, AN AMAZING DIRECTOR OF THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - RAOUL GUNSBOURG, AN AMAZING DIRECTOR OF THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER

After having managed the theater of Lille and the Opera of Nice, Raoul Gunsbourg took the direction of the Monte-Carlo Theater in 1892. Young, dynamic and extremely talented, he transformed it into a major place of global lyrical art. He had been director for nearly six years, until his death in 1951, at the age of 95. (full text in French)

RAOUL GUNSBOURG, AN AMAZING DIRECTOR OF THE MONTE-CARLO THEATER - 1988

Paule DRUILHE-FAVRE
Summary
THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION WITHIN THE FORMER COUNTY OF NICE AND THE FORMER PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO (1792-1814). THE “BARBETS”, MEMBERS OF THE RESISTANCE, ALSO KNOWN AS BRIGANDS FROM THE NICE REGION

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION WITHIN THE FORMER COUNTY OF NICE AND THE FORMER PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO (1792-1814). THE “BARBETS”, MEMBERS OF THE RESISTANCE...

The study is dedicated to the counter-revolution within the former county of Nice during nearly 25 years, the revolutionary conquest, until the Sardinian Restoration in 1814. The author talks about the “barbets”, the irregular militias created in response to the abuses of French troops settled in Nice. (full text in French)

THE COUNTER-REVOLUTION WITHIN THE FORMER COUNTY OF NICE AND THE FORMER PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO (1792-1814). THE “BARBETS”, MEMBERS OF THE RESISTANCE, ALSO KNOWN AS BRIGANDS FROM THE NICE REGION - 1988

Michel-André IAFELICE
Summary
A PRINCELY HOUSE : THE PALACE OF CARNOLÈS

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - A PRINCELY HOUSE : THE PALACE OF CARNOLÈS

In the 18th century, Prince Antoine I built a palace surrounded by orchards, at the gates of Menton. Richly decorated, this Palace of Carnolès became the summer residence of the princes of Monaco. Prince Charles III sold this house in 1863. The Palace then became a gambling casino, a house, an architectural firm and finally a museum. It has been classified as a historical monument from September 1969. (full text in French)

A PRINCELY HOUSE : THE PALACE OF CARNOLÈS - 1988

Jacqueline MARTIAL-SALM
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THE OLD ORGANS OF SAINT-NICHOLAS CHURCH IN MONACO

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - THE OLD ORGANS OF SAINT-NICHOLAS CHURCH IN MONACO

Relying on Don Dominique Pacchiero chronicles from 1638 to 1656, but also on correspondences, registers and pictures, the author studies the old organs of Saint Nicholas Church, located on the rock of Monaco. He also refers to the origins and the restoration of those organs, and talks about the organists in the 17th century. (full text in French)

THE OLD ORGANS OF SAINT-NICHOLAS CHURCH IN MONACO - 1988

Claude PASSET
Summary
EDOUARD-AUGUSTE, DUKE OF YORK (1739-1767)

Article from Number 12 - 1988 - EDOUARD-AUGUSTE, DUKE OF YORK (1739-1767)

The author talks abuot the career of Edouard-Auguste, Duke of York and second son of Prince of Wales and Augusta of Saxony, brother of King Georges III, from his birth in 1739 to his death in Monaco in 1767. The article also describes the honour bestowed on Edouard-Auguste by Prince Honoré III after his death, and the funeral in Westminster. (full text in French)

EDOUARD-AUGUSTE, DUKE OF YORK (1739-1767) - 1988

Stéphane VILAREM
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Number 11 - 1987

Summary

Four articles illustrate the major stages of the Monaco modern history : First of all, the relationships between the Spanish and Monegasques, at the time of Charles Quint ; then, the life of Charlotte-Catherine de Gramont within the French court ; and finally, the sumptuous accession of Prince Honoré III which reflected the French model. A presentation of the correspondence between Montaigne and the Marshal Jacques II de Goyon de Matignon, allows us to discuss the Guyenne history in the 16th century. This issue also covers the law of the sea, the religious history and the human paleontology. (full texts in French)

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THE ACCESSION OF PRINCE HONORÉ III (16-30 MAY 1734)

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - THE ACCESSION OF PRINCE HONORÉ III (16-30 MAY 1734)

In may 1734, Honoré Grimaldi, renamed Honoré III, acceded to the throne of Monaco. He is the sixth prince of Monaco, but this was the first time that an accession had been celebrated with great fanfare. 13-year-old, Honoré III succeeded his father Jacques I, who died a couple of years after the death of Princess Louise-Hippolyte. This article describes the lavish ceremony of this accession, which lasted fifteen days. (full text in French)

THE ACCESSION OF PRINCE HONORÉ III (16-30 MAY 1734) - 1987

Régis LECUYER
Summary
THE RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGNS OF THE PRINCES CHARLES III AND ALBERT I (1860-1910)

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - THE RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGNS OF THE PRINCES CHARLES III AND ALBERT I (1860-1910)

From the second part of the 20th century and the settlement of the Monaco religious independence, many religious communities came to settle in Monaco. Benedictine, camaldules ermites, Carmelites, ladies of Saint-Maur, Dominicans, Franciscans, Jesuits and many other orders found shelter in Monaco. (full text in French)

THE RELIGIOUS COMMUNITIES IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGNS OF THE PRINCES CHARLES III AND ALBERT I (1860-1910) - 1987

Wolfgang MAIER
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A LITTLE KNOWN TREASURY FROM THE ARCHIVES OF THE PRINCELY PALACE OF MONACO : SOME LETTERS OF MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE TO MARSHAL MATIGNON

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - A LITTLE KNOWN TREASURY FROM THE ARCHIVES OF THE PRINCELY PALACE OF MONACO : SOME LETTERS OF MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE TO MARSHAL MATIGNON

The Archives of the Palace of Monaco, have kept, from the 18th century, a series of letters written by Montaigne to Marshal Matignon, in the late 16th century. This set of letters is the most significant one from Montaigne. This correspondence, dated from 1582 to 1585, highlights us about the role played by the philosopher during the landmarks of this period of time, particularly in Guyenne. (full text in French)

A LITTLE KNOWN TREASURY FROM THE ARCHIVES OF THE PRINCELY PALACE OF MONACO : SOME LETTERS OF MICHEL DE MONTAIGNE TO MARSHAL MATIGNON - 1987

Dr. Francis POTTIEE-SPERRY
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IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF A PRINCESS OF MONACO : CHARLOTTE-CATHERINE DE GRAMONT

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF A PRINCESS OF MONACO : CHARLOTTE-CATHERINE DE GRAMONT

Charlotte-Catherine de Gramont was the first French princess of Monaco. Born in 1638 or 1639, she married Louis I in 1660, with the support of Louis XIV, and gave birth to three children. The couple lived within the court of Louis XIV and Charlotte-Catherine became the superintendent of Henrietta of England. She attracted many coutiers as she was a great beauty, and had a relationship with the king for a few months. (full text in French)

IN THE FOOTSTEPS OF A PRINCESS OF MONACO : CHARLOTTE-CATHERINE DE GRAMONT - 1987

Jean ROBERT
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THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO FROM THE SPANISH POINT OF VIEW, AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO FROM THE SPANISH POINT OF VIEW, AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

This study deals with the correspondence between Francisco de Valenzuela, a Spanish diplomat in Monaco, and the imperial chancellery, between 1533 and 1534. This correspondence allows us to understand the relationships between Spain and Monaco, during an intensive period of diplomatic activities. (full text in French)

THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO FROM THE SPANISH POINT OF VIEW, AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT - 1987

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
THE CAVES OF GRIMALDI

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - THE CAVES OF GRIMALDI

On the border between France and Italy, near Menton, the Mediterranean sea has created an escarpment of 100 meters high. This is where the caves of Grimaldi are situated, also called caves of Bazi Rossi. Tools, carved stone statuettes, human graves and engravings were discovered in the middle of the 19th century. This finding shows the presence of humans in the Paleolithic times. (full text in French)

THE CAVES OF GRIMALDI - 1987

Suzanne SIMONE
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THE HUMANITARIAN ACTION OF PRINCE ALBERT I WITHIN THE ELABORATION OF THE LAW OF THE SEA

Article from Number 11 - 1987 - THE HUMANITARIAN ACTION OF PRINCE ALBERT I WITHIN THE ELABORATION OF THE LAW OF THE SEA

Exhausted by the risks to navigation, Prince Albert I wanted to bring his experiences and knowledge to the protection of navigators and shipwrecks. He succeeded in creating the International Association for the Marine, and held his first congress in Monaco in April 1901. (full text in French)

THE HUMANITARIAN ACTION OF PRINCE ALBERT I WITHIN THE ELABORATION OF THE LAW OF THE SEA - 1987

René VIALATTE
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Number 10 - 1986

Summary

In this issue, art is in the spotlight. After a study about François-Joseph Bosio published in the previous issue of Annales monégasques, an article is now dedicated to his brother, the painter Jean-Baptiste Bosio. Moreover, another article deals with an anonymous album of drawings from the 19th century. The review also presents old maps and views of Monaco, as well as a study about names in the Monaco modern age society. (full texts in French)

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CLAUDINE AND LAMBERT GRIMALDI LORDS OF MONACO, MENTON AND ROQUEBRUNE IN THE 15<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - CLAUDINE AND LAMBERT GRIMALDI LORDS OF MONACO, MENTON AND ROQUEBRUNE IN THE 15th CENTURY

Lord of Monaco from 1458 to 1494, Lambert was an eminent figure of Monaco’s history. Well knonw for having developed trade and the wellness of his subjects, he was also at the origine of the very stability of the lordship. His wife, Claudine of Monaco (1451-1515), is the daughter of Lord Catalan Grimaldi. She played an important part within the family and dedicated the rest of her life to her children when Lambert Grimaldi died. (full text in French)

CLAUDINE AND LAMBERT GRIMALDI LORDS OF MONACO, MENTON AND ROQUEBRUNE IN THE 15th CENTURY - 1986

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
PICTURES FROM THE PAST : MONACO IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 19<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - PICTURES FROM THE PAST : MONACO IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 19th CENTURY

This article is a tribute to an anonymous artist, by publishing his best drawings, not signed, held in the Archives of the Prince’s Palace. Those drawings, which meticulously represent some districts of Monaco around 1857, are presented with explanatory texts. (full text in French)

PICTURES FROM THE PAST : MONACO IN THE MIDDLE OF THE 19th CENTURY - 1986

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
MARSEILLE AND THE TRADE OF OIL FROM THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO IN THE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - MARSEILLE AND THE TRADE OF OIL FROM THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO IN THE 18th CENTURY

In the 18th century, Marseille was the first place to exchange olive oil, despiste the plague in 1720. That’s the reason why Monaco, Menton and Roquebrune increased the commercial transaction with this city. In order to describe the negocaitions, the author relies on the archives of the “Bureau de la Santé Maritime” of Marseille. (full text in French)

MARSEILLE AND THE TRADE OF OIL FROM THE PRINCIPALITY OF MONACO IN THE 18th CENTURY - 1986

Patrick BOULANGER
Summary
THE ZEELAND CONQUEST BY THE NETHERLANDS IN THE XIVTH CENTURY. THE PART OF RAINIER GRIMALDI, ADMIRAL OF FRANCE DURING THE NAVAL BATTLE OF ZIERIKZEE (1304)

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - THE ZEELAND CONQUEST BY THE NETHERLANDS IN THE XIVTH CENTURY. THE PART OF RAINIER GRIMALDI, ADMIRAL OF FRANCE DURING THE NAVAL BATTLE OF ZIERIKZEE...

This article is dedicated to the Zeeland conquest (1303-1304) and the naval battle of  August 1304, during which, a fleet from France, Netherlands and Genoa, led by Rainier Grimaldi I, attacked and destroyed the fleming squadron. (full text in French)

THE ZEELAND CONQUEST BY THE NETHERLANDS IN THE XIVTH CENTURY. THE PART OF RAINIER GRIMALDI, ADMIRAL OF FRANCE DURING THE NAVAL BATTLE OF ZIERIKZEE (1304) - 1986

Marinus Pieter de BRUIN/Huib UIL
Summary
JOSEPH GRIMALDI’S CORRESPONDENCE WITH HIS BROTHER, THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS (1786-1787), UNDER THE OLD REGIME

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - JOSEPH GRIMALDI’S CORRESPONDENCE WITH HIS BROTHER, THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS (1786-1787), UNDER THE OLD REGIME

Here is the publication of ten letters written by Jospeh Grimaldi in 1786 and 1787 to his elder brother the Duke of Valentinois, future Prince of Monaco under the name of Honoré IV. This private correspondence, allows us to discover a spontaneous and true description of that time. (full text in French)

JOSEPH GRIMALDI’S CORRESPONDENCE WITH HIS BROTHER, THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS (1786-1787), UNDER THE OLD REGIME - 1986

René DIANA
Summary
THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO IN BERLIN IN 1907

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO IN BERLIN IN 1907

Under the reign of Albert I, in the early 20th century, the relationships between Monaco and Germany were particularly cordial. This is the reason why the Opera of Monte-Carlo troupe travelled to Berlin in 1907, and performed some triumphant lyrical recitals. (full text in French)

THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO IN BERLIN IN 1907 - 1986

Georges FAVRE
Summary
JEAN-BAPTISTE BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE PAINTER (1764-1827)

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - JEAN-BAPTISTE BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE PAINTER (1764-1827)

After a study dedicated to the French sculptor François-Jospeh Bosio in the 9th issue of Annales monégasques, this article now refers to his elder brother, Jean-Baptiste-François Bosio. Born in 1764 in Monaco, the latter was a student of Jacques-Louis David. Painter, illustrator and engraver, he also became a drawing teacher at the polytechnic school. He died in July 1827. (full text in French)

JEAN-BAPTISTE BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE PAINTER (1764-1827) - 1986

Nicole HUBERT
Summary
WHAT WAS THE NAMES OF THE MONEGASQUES IN THE PAST ? THE NAMES OF BAPTIZED PEOPLE FROM THE PARISH SAINT-NICHOLAS, FROM 1546 TO 1640

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - WHAT WAS THE NAMES OF THE MONEGASQUES IN THE PAST ? THE NAMES OF BAPTIZED PEOPLE FROM THE PARISH SAINT-NICHOLAS, FROM 1546 TO 1640

Relying on the parish registers held in the Monaco Mayor, the author deals with the names within the Monegasque society under the Spanish protectorate. Using statistic tools, she analyses a sample of 96 names for boys and 88 names for girls, and deduces the social background of that time. (full text in French)

WHAT WAS THE NAMES OF THE MONEGASQUES IN THE PAST ? THE NAMES OF BAPTIZED PEOPLE FROM THE PARISH SAINT-NICHOLAS, FROM 1546 TO 1640 - 1986

Barbara MARICIC-BORGIA
Summary
DEALING WITH SOME UNPUBLISHED OR UNRENOWNED MAPS OF MONACO

Article from Number 10 - 1986 - DEALING WITH SOME UNPUBLISHED OR UNRENOWNED MAPS OF MONACO

Ancient maps of Monaco are very rare : no maps of Monaco dated before the 17th century exist. This article presents some unpublished or unrenowned views and maps of Monaco, from the origin, to the middle of the 19th century. (full text in French)

DEALING WITH SOME UNPUBLISHED OR UNRENOWNED MAPS OF MONACO - 1986

Claude PASSET
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Number 9 - 1985

Summary

In this issue, the Annales monégasques deal with very different topics. That is to say, arts and letters, through the sculptor’s life named François-Joseph Bosio, “The Child and the Spells” by Ravel, and the philosophical reflections of Jacques de Goyon-Matignon, Duke of Valentinois. The important stages of the construction of Monaco are also discussed : Charles d’Anjou’s action in the 13th century, and the installation of the railtrack in Monaco in the 19th century. Finally, a study regarding the population of Menton and Roquebrune in the Middle Age, completes an article in the previous issue. (full texts in French)

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THE GREAT CREATIONS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE CHILD AND THE SPELLS”, BY MAURICE RAVEL

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - THE GREAT CREATIONS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE CHILD AND THE SPELLS”, BY MAURICE RAVEL

Created at the Opera of Monte-Carlo in 1925, “The Child and the Spell” is a lyric and fairy composition by Maurice Ravel, in collaboration with Colette. This work made a great impression to the public and critics. (full text in French)

THE GREAT CREATIONS OF THE OPERA OF MONTE-CARLO : “THE CHILD AND THE SPELLS”, BY MAURICE RAVEL - 1985

Paule DRUILHE
Summary
FRANÇOIS-JOSEPH BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE SCULPTOR

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - FRANÇOIS-JOSEPH BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE SCULPTOR

This article deals with François-Joseph’s life and career. Born in 1768, he was a neoclassical artist, both sculptor, painter, drawer and engraver. He was given the scholarship by Augustin Pajou, worked for Dominique Vivant Denon and made bas-reliefs, marble portrait busts and allegories. In 1816, he became professor at the School of Fine Art of Paris. Awarded and knighted under the Restoration, he died in Paris in 1845. (full text in French)

FRANÇOIS-JOSEPH BOSIO, A MONEGASQUE SCULPTOR - 1985

Gérard HUBERT
Summary
" LES REFLEXIONS MORALES ET SENSEES ", BY DUKE OF VALENTINOIS, OR THE TOUGHTS OF A MODERN DEMOCRITUS

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - " LES REFLEXIONS MORALES ET SENSEES ", BY DUKE OF VALENTINOIS, OR THE TOUGHTS OF A MODERN DEMOCRITUS

Jacques François Léonor de Goyon-Matignon, Duke of Valentinois and Peer of France because of his marriage with Louise-Hippolyte Grimaldi, has been prince of Monaco for a short time (1731-1733) and he was also well known as an art lover and man of letters. He was, among others, the author of “Réflexions morales et sensées”, published in Mercure de France in 1746 and 1747. This article publishes and analyses those thoughts, according to the original manuscript. (full text in French)

" LES REFLEXIONS MORALES ET SENSEES ", BY DUKE OF VALENTINOIS, OR THE TOUGHTS OF A MODERN DEMOCRITUS - 1985

Martine ROUSSEAU
Summary
THE POPULATION OF ROQUEBRUNE AND PUYPIN-MENTON FROM THE 12<sup>th</sup> TO THE 14<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - THE POPULATION OF ROQUEBRUNE AND PUYPIN-MENTON FROM THE 12th TO THE 14th CENTURY

According to an analysis of the available demographic sources, the author describes the evolution of the population in Menton (formerly Puypin) and Roquebrune in the Middle Ages, in comparison with the castra of Nice. Furthermore, the author also studies the Provençal and Ligurian influences in this area. (full text in French)

THE POPULATION OF ROQUEBRUNE AND PUYPIN-MENTON FROM THE 12th TO THE 14th CENTURY - 1985

Alain VENTURINI
Summary
THE RAIL-WAY IN THE PRINCIPALITY

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - THE RAIL-WAY IN THE PRINCIPALITY

On October 19th 1868, the railway between Nice and Monaco was officially opened to the traffic. This event opened up the Principality and put an end to more than ten years of dealings and slowed works because of geographic, political, technic and financial troubles. This extensive worksite permitted Monte-Carlo and the Principality to develop rapidly. (full text in French) 

THE RAIL-WAY IN THE PRINCIPALITY - 1985

Roger VIALE
Summary
THE ROOTS OF THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO : CHARLES I D’ANJOU AND THE VENTIMIGLIA COUNTY

Article from Number 9 - 1985 - THE ROOTS OF THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO : CHARLES I D’ANJOU AND THE VENTIMIGLIA COUNTY

In the middle of the 13th century, Italy was torn by the conflict between the Pope and the Emperor. In order to consolidate his county line, Charles d’Anjou, successor of Raimond Bérenger V, count of Provence, dealt with the count of Ventimiglia, regardless of the Genoa hostility. (full text in French)

THE ROOTS OF THE LORDSHIP OF MONACO : CHARLES I D’ANJOU AND THE VENTIMIGLIA COUNTY - 1985

Stéphane VILAREM
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Number 8 - 1984

Summary

The section " Document of the year " deals with a founding event : the Spanish garrison’s eviction from Monaco in 1641. This issue also refers to social topics, through an analysis of the Monegasque population in the Middle Age, and the participation of the S.B.M. to popular and carnival festivities in Nice, in the late 19th century. The contemporary history is also presented as René Diana covers the third part of his study about the military career of Honoré V, under the Empire. Hélène Day recounts Albert I’s trips to the United States. To finish with, an article deals with the battle of Menton against the Italians in 1940, relying on the available information about the Second World War. (full texts in French)

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JUNE 1940 : THE BATTLE OF MENTON

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - JUNE 1940 : THE BATTLE OF MENTON

This study deals with the denfense and progress of the battle of Menton, which opposed French soldiers to Italians, in a higher number. The latter were ordered, by the “Duce” to occupy Menton for political reasons, while France signed the Armistice with Germany. (full text in French)

JUNE 1940 : THE BATTLE OF MENTON - 1984

Hyacinthe CHIAVASSA
Summary
THE THREE TRIPS OF PRINCE ALBERT I TO THE UNITED-STATES

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - THE THREE TRIPS OF PRINCE ALBERT I TO THE UNITED-STATES

As an explorer, Prince Albert I travelled to America three times. In 1868, he went to the United-States and a part of Canada. In 1913, during his second trip, he met Buffalo Bill and went through the United-States until reaching Wyoming, to the West. In 1921, he travelled to New York and Washington, and received two medals from prestigious American institutions. (full text in French)

THE THREE TRIPS OF PRINCE ALBERT I TO THE UNITED-STATES - 1984

Hélène DAY
Summary
THROUGH THE ARCHIVES OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : MONSIEUR DE MONACO, EMPIRE BARON. AMBITIONS AND DISAPPOINTMENTS (1808-1814)

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - THROUGH THE ARCHIVES OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : MONSIEUR DE MONACO, EMPIRE BARON. AMBITIONS AND DISAPPOINTMENTS (1808-1814)

This is the last part of a trilogy dedicated to the youth of Honoré V (for the first two parts, please refer to Annales Monégasques n°4 – 1980 : “when the citizen Grimaldi served in the Republic’s armed forces (december 1798 – june 1801)” and Annales Monégasques n°6 – 1982 : “The Emperor’s officer. The German and Polish campaigns (1806-1807)”). Murat’s “aide-de-camp”, Honoré Grimaldi followed him in Spain in 1808, and became, in 1810, the first horse rider of Empress Josephine prior to becoming Empire Baron. (full text in French)

THROUGH THE ARCHIVES OF HONORÉ V, PRINCE OF MONACO : MONSIEUR DE MONACO, EMPIRE BARON. AMBITIONS AND DISAPPOINTMENTS (1808-1814) - 1984

René DIANA
Summary
THE KING AND THE BANKER : MONTE-CARLO AND THE S.B.M. AT THE NICE CARNIVAL

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - THE KING AND THE BANKER : MONTE-CARLO AND THE S.B.M. AT THE NICE CARNIVAL

Between 1876 and 1914, the “Société des Bains de Mer” partly subsidized the Nice Carnival, which had been developed thanks to the influence of the events committee since 1873. Then, some prizes were created in order to reward the best masquerades. (full text in French)

THE KING AND THE BANKER : MONTE-CARLO AND THE S.B.M. AT THE NICE CARNIVAL - 1984

Gaston GRONDONA
Summary
ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SPANISH GARRISON’S EVICTION FROM MONACO (NOVEMBER, 17<sup>th</sup> 1641)

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SPANISH GARRISON’S EVICTION FROM MONACO (NOVEMBER, 17th 1641)

The events occurring on November 17th 1641, among which the eviction of the Spanish garrison, marked a turning point in the history of Monaco. The authors analyses and publishes a short witness that Don Dominique Pacchiero, the former priest of Saint-Nicholas, wrote in his “Giornale”. (full text in French)

ARCHIVES DOCUMENTS : THE SPANISH GARRISON’S EVICTION FROM MONACO (NOVEMBER, 17th 1641) - 1984

Claude PASSET
Summary
HOW MANY MONEGASQUES IN THE MIDDLE AGES ?

Article from Number 8 - 1984 - HOW MANY MONEGASQUES IN THE MIDDLE AGES ?

In order to analyse the demography in Monaco from the Middle Ages to the Modern times, the author relies on lists referring to the names of men capable of serving, lists of people taking the oath of allegiance and lists of General Assemblies. Relying on statistics, he then intends to deduce informations about the Monegasque population at that time. (full text in French)

HOW MANY MONEGASQUES IN THE MIDDLE AGES ? - 1984

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
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Number 7 - 1983

Summary

This issue describes, through the old chapels of Monaco, a part of the principality’s religious and heritage past. Then, the artistic and nonmaterial heritage is discussed thanks to Louis Abbiate and Gustave Graefe, both well-known Monegasque musicians, but also Jacques de Goyon-Matignon, Duke of Valentinois, who was a nobleman of letters. On the other hand, two tragic incidents are recounted : the conspiracy of Stefano Boccone, and the Second World War, which is the topic of an overall study. (full texts in French)

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SOME OLD CHAPELS IN MONACO

Article from Number 7 - 1983 - SOME OLD CHAPELS IN MONACO

This article summarizes the chapters of a typescript entitled “Les Paroisse de la Principauté de Monaco”, the original of which is held in the Archives of the Palace. It deals with the settlement of the parish territory in Monaco, as well as the history and the architecture of the following chapels : Saint-Martin, Saint-Elme, Sainte-Barbe, Sainte-Croix and Roqueville. (full text in French)

SOME OLD CHAPELS IN MONACO - 1983

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
A TRAGEDY IN THE HISTORY OF MONACO IN THE EARLY 17<sup>th</sup> CENTURY : STEFANO BOCCONE’S CONSPIRACY OR A RISK TO THE INDEPENDENCE…

Article from Number 7 - 1983 - A TRAGEDY IN THE HISTORY OF MONACO IN THE EARLY 17th CENTURY : STEFANO BOCCONE’S CONSPIRACY OR A RISK TO THE INDEPENDENCE…

On November 21st 1604, Hercule I was murdered in a street of the rock of Monaco, because of his wealth and his status. Stefano Boccone, at the head of the conspiracy, aimed to give Monaco to the Savoy or Genoa, Monaco’s ancient homeland. (full text in French)

A TRAGEDY IN THE HISTORY OF MONACO IN THE EARLY 17th CENTURY : STEFANO BOCCONE’S CONSPIRACY OR A RISK TO THE INDEPENDENCE… - 1983

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
1938-1945 : MONACO AND THE " GRANDE TOURMENTE "

Article from Number 7 - 1983 - 1938-1945 : MONACO AND THE " GRANDE TOURMENTE "

Far from being excluded from the 1939-1945 drama, the principality of Monaco, surrounded by Alpes-Maritimes, had to endure the war which occurred across borders. Bombing caused massive destructions and claimed many victims. Monaco had been under the Axis forces’ occupation for two years and had to face refugees, resistance workers, deportations and executions. (full text in French)

1938-1945 : MONACO AND THE " GRANDE TOURMENTE " - 1983

Jean DROUHARD
Summary
OVERVIEW OF TWO MONEGASQUE ARTISTS : LOUIS ABBIATE (1866-1933) AND GUSTAVE GRAEFE (1874-1947)

Article from Number 7 - 1983 - OVERVIEW OF TWO MONEGASQUE ARTISTS : LOUIS ABBIATE (1866-1933) AND GUSTAVE GRAEFE (1874-1947)

In the late 19th century and in the early 20th century, while Monaco was facing one of the crowning moments of its artistic history, two native composers had an important role within the principality : Louis Abbiate and Gustave Graefe. (full text in French)

OVERVIEW OF TWO MONEGASQUE ARTISTS : LOUIS ABBIATE (1866-1933) AND GUSTAVE GRAEFE (1874-1947) - 1983

Georges FAVRE
Summary
THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS : A PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCE IN PASSY, IN THE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 7 - 1983 - THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS : A PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCE IN PASSY, IN THE 18th CENTURY

Jacques-François de Goyon-Matignon, duke of Valentinois and Louise-Hippolyte’s husband, gave his name to a luxurious place in Passy : the Hotel “de Valentinois”. Man of letters and art lover, he had reigned for nearly two years. After his wife died, we went to Paris and its neighbourhood where he engaged some important works in order to embellish his Passy property. (full text in French)

THE DUKE OF VALENTINOIS : A PHILOSOPHICAL PRINCE IN PASSY, IN THE 18th CENTURY - 1983

Meredith MARTINDALE
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