Number 5 - 1981

Summary

The Mediterranean sea is at the core of this issue. Indeed, it covers an academic study dedicated to the olive tree from the Middle Age to modern times, written by Jean-Baptiste Robert. The military history is explained in two articles : one of them completes the review about the fortress, previously published; the other one deals with the 18th century war which impacted the Principality. Antoine I’s biography entitled "A French prince", illustrates the acculturation process achievement that affected the dynasty in the late 17th century and the beginning of the 18th century. The Belle Epoque in Monaco is related through its urban expansion and its tendency towards new technologies. (full texts in French)

MONACO DURING THE WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION (1740-1748)

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - MONACO DURING THE WAR OF AUSTRIAN SUCCESSION (1740-1748)

When the War of Austrian Succession started, the principality situated near the kingdom of Piemont-Sardaigne, was anxious regarding the Turin annexationism ambitions. The fate of the French garrison, which protected Monaco, was uncertain. Then, Prince Honoré III served in the army of Louis XV. This article describes the numerous repercussions of this war in the principality of Monaco. (full text in French)

MONACO PENDANT LA GUERRE DE SUCCESSION D'AUTRICHE (1740-1748) - 1981

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary
MONACO, CRADLE OF THE MODERN AIR FORCE

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - MONACO, CRADLE OF THE MODERN AIR FORCE

Between 1902 and 1920, the principality of Monaco became an important spot of aeronautical experiences. They started with Alberto Santos-Dumont and Jacques Faure, who experimented balloons and dirigibles. Maurice Léger tested the first helicopter in the oceanographic Museum in 1905. Rougier and Fabre also experimented aeroplanes, in 1909 and 1911. From 1912, some competitions are organised in Monaco, momentarily stopped during the First World War. (full text in French)

MONACO, BERCEAU DE L' AVIATION MODERNE - 1981

Régis LECUYER
Summary
ANTOINE I, A FRENCH PRINCE

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - ANTOINE I, A FRENCH PRINCE

Born during the French protectorate of 1641, Antoine I (1661-1731) became prince thanks to his education, his qualifications, his knowledge, his artistic liking, his friendships, his military backgroung and courtier’s life and the interest he demostrated in French politics and artistic life. (full text in French)

ANTOINE Ier, UN PRINCE FRANÇAIS - 1981

Jannine MARTINEZ-ALLOLIO
Summary
THE ARMING OF THE MONACO’S FORTRESS

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - THE ARMING OF THE MONACO’S FORTRESS

This article studies the evolution of the fortress’s defensive capacities, from 13th to the 19th century, thanks to some old artillery inventories established, for most, at the death of each sovereign and held in the Archives of the Palace of Monaco. (full text in French)

L'ARMEMENT DE LA FORTERESSE DE MONACO - 1981

Claude PASSET
Summary
A PROBLEM OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION : THE OLIVE TREE FROM NICE TO MENTON, FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN TIMES

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - A PROBLEM OF ECONOMIC TRANSFORMATION : THE OLIVE TREE FROM NICE TO MENTON, FROM THE MIDDLE AGES TO THE MODERN TIMES

The olive growing in the French Riviera enjoyed unprecedented prosperity from the 18th to the 19th century. The olive oil was the main resource of many famers and it forms, with bread and wine, the “Mediterranean crop triad”. The Condamine was an important olive grove. After three long years of research, this article traces this history, a priori inseparable from the mediterranean identity. (full text in French)

UN PROBLÈME DE MUTATION ÉCONOMIQUE: L' OLIVIER ENTRE NICE ET MENTON, DU MOYEN ÂGE AUX TEMPS MODERNES - 1981

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
A CONSEQUENCE OF THE MONACO DEVELOPMENT : THE CREATION OF THE CITY OF BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914)

Article from Number 5 - 1981 - A CONSEQUENCE OF THE MONACO DEVELOPMENT : THE CREATION OF THE CITY OF BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914)

Following the 1904 law, the territory of La Turbie was divided into two distinguished cities : La Turbie and Beausoleil. The accelerating urbanization from the beginning of the 19th century, was the reason why the hamlets of Carnier and Basse-Turbie were upgraded to the rank of city. This issue highlights the beginning of this new city and the development of the Monte-Carlo district. (full text in French)

UN EFFET DU DÉVELOPPEMENT DE MONACO : LA CRÉATION DE LA COMMUNE DE BEAUSOLEIL (1904-1914) - 1981

Alain SIFFRE
Summary