Number 42 - 2018

Summary

The two hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of the Monegasque sculptor François-Joseph Bosio (1768-1845), eminent representative of neoclassicism in the early nineteenth century, offers the opportunity of two studies: a monograph of an emblematic work, unique and multiple, the Henry IV child, by a curator of the Louvre; a historiographical retrospective on the representation and the monegasque memory of the artist, erected as a national hero. The tercentenary of the foundation of the city of New Orleans gives the opportunity to a specialist of French emigration in the United States to be interested in the ascendants of Alice Heine, "first American princess of Monaco", second wife of Prince Albert I, whose Alsatian maternal family joined Louisiana in the early nineteenth century, after passing through Santo Domingo and Cuba. The three hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the birth of the composer Couperin reminds us that he had found a muse in Monaco, in the person of a daughter of Prince Antoine I, to whom he dedicates a harpsichord piece. Granddaughter of Lucien Bonaparte, Marie Rattazzi (1831-1902) was a prominent woman of letters and a salonnière in vogue at the end of the 19th century. She frequented Monaco and its princes, wanting to be the muse. To evoke the relation to the sea of ​​Albert I may seem to belong to the commonplace, repeated to envy. The reflection still remained to be led, from three angles, all experienced by the prince during his career as a navigator: at once shipwrecked, rescuer and protector of the maritime environment. In 2017, the "Explorations de Monaco" were launched to better "love, know and protect" the oceans, in the wake of Prince Albert I's expeditions. Madeira was the first stage and was the site of an exhibition dedicated to the discovery of the archipelago, between 1879 and 1912, by the "prince scientist". A thematic file reports on the event. The current restoration campaign of the palace's painted decorations has brought to light, not only a set of new Renaissance frescoes in the Grand Apartments, but also an unpublished archive, which is the "document of the year", and which gives, for the first time and irrefutably, a name, probably among others, for the realization of the wall paintings of the sixteenth century.

Couperin’s muse. Mademoiselle de Chabeuil, prince Antoine I of Monaco’s daughter

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Couperin’s muse. Mademoiselle de Chabeuil, prince Antoine I of Monaco’s daughter

As his nickname "prince musician" suggests, Antoine the Ist of Monaco, who ruled from 1701 to 1731, was an unexperienced music lover, not only sensitive to French or Italian harmonies. Like his ancestors, he taught his children the love of art in particular the love of music. His three daugthers were muscians, it was with the youngest, Marie-Pelline (1708-1726), which he did share this passion, practicing with her everyday. Harpsichordist emeritus, she will remain famous thanks to the great François Couperin, intimate friend of his father, as shown by several letters. In 1722 he dedicated to Marie-Pelline a composition,  a delicate musical portrait : "The Princess of Chabeüil, or the muse of Monaco".

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Une muse de Couperin. Mademoiselle de Chabeuil, fille du prince Antoine Ier de Monaco - 2018

Raphaëlle DOUBLIER
Summary

As his nickname "prince musician" suggests, Antoine the 1st of Monaco, who ruled from 1701 to 1731, was an unexperienced music lover, not only sensitive to French or Italian harmonies. Like his ancestors, he taught his children the love of art in particular the love of music. His three daugthers were muscians, it was with the youngest, Marie-Pelline (1708-1726), which he did share this passion, practicing with her everyday. Harpsichordist emeritus, she will remain famous thanks to the great François Couperin, intimate friend of his father, as shown by several letters. In 1722 he dedicated to Marie-Pelline a composition,  a delicate musical portrait : "The Princess of Chabeüil, or the muse of Monaco".

<i>Henri IV enfant</i> by the Monegasque sculptor François-Joseph Bosio: unic and multifaceted

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Henri IV enfant by the Monegasque sculptor François-Joseph Bosio: unic and multifaceted

Henri IV enfant by the Monegasque sculptor François-Joseph Bosio (1768-1845) was one of the most reproduced work of the XIXth century and consequently insures his prosperity. Reproduced in several materials and in many reduced-size copies, this prototype of the boy king, founder of the Bourbon dynasty, was firstly in the heart of political ambitions and later became an aesthetic reference of the French neoclassical sculpture. This article which establishes a chronological order of Henri IV enfant reproductions in marble, silver, bronze and plaster from 1823 to 1900, permits to discriminate the interpretations of artists through the several transformations of the original work.

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Unique et multiple: L'Henri IV enfant de François-Joseph Bosio - 2018

Stéphanie DESCHAMPS-TAN
Summary
The construction of the national hero. François-Joseph Bosio and his monegasque memory

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - The construction of the national hero. François-Joseph Bosio and his monegasque memory

François-Joseph Bosio (1768-1845) was born in Monaco and lived in the principality until the age of seventeen. But it was in Paris, as a sculptor, that he won fame and glory. After his departure from the principality in 1785, he seems to have gradually adopted the French fatherland from which his orders came. However, after his death, his memory became an object of pride for the Monegasques. ln the context of the revival incarnated by the advent of Charles lll, the principality could only celebrate such a famous person. Driven by their patriotism, local writers, journalists, politicians and poets, each in their own way, commemorated a man who had to be connected to national history. Even today, while the memory of Bosio has declined in the memory of the French, he is still celebrated with flamboyance in Monaco.

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La construction du héros national. François-Joseph Bosio et sa mémoire monégasque - 2018

Thomas BLANCHY
Summary

François-Joseph Bosio (1768-1845) est né à Monaco et y vécu jusqu’à l’âge de dix-sept ans. Mais c’est à Paris, comme sculpteur, qu’il a conquis gloire et célébrité. Après son départ de la principauté en 1785, il semble avoir peu à peu adopté la patrie française dont lui sont venues ses commandes. Pourtant, après sa mort, son souvenir est devenu un objet de fierté pour les Monégasques. Dans le contexte du renouveau incarné par l’avènement de Charles III, la principauté ne pouvait que célébrer un personnage si illustre. Poussés par leur patriotisme, les écrivains, journalistes, hommes politiques et poètes locaux ont, chacun à leur manière, commémoré un homme qu’il fallait relier à l’histoire nationale. Aujourd’hui encore, alors que la mémoire de Bosio a décliné dans le souvenir des Français, il est encore fêté avec flamboyance à Monaco.

Captiving attention at any cost. Maria Letizia Rattazzi, emblematic figure of the second half of the 19<sup>th</sup> century, at Monaco

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Captiving attention at any cost. Maria Letizia Rattazzi, emblematic figure of the second half of the 19th century, at Monaco

Eugène Süe, as well as Félicité Robert de Lammenais, Victor Hugo, Charles-Augustin de Sainte-Beuve and many others illustrious or simply famous men and women of the Second Empire and the Third Republic, princes Charles the third and Albert the first of Monaco were sensitive to the special charm of Maria Letizia Rattazzi-de Rute (formerly Mrs de Solms), grand-daughter of Lucien Bonaparte, with whom they shared some episodes of their existence. The letters and telegrams kept in the Archives of the Prince's Palace is intended to give an account of these.

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Séduire à tout prix. Marie-Laetitia Rattazzi, une femme de lettres incontournable de la deuxième moitiè du XIXe siècle, à Monaco - 2018

Françoise VAYSSE
Summary

Comme Eugène Süe, Félicité Robert de Lammenais, Victor Hugo, Charles-Augustin Sainte-Beuve, et bien d’autres hommes et femmes illustres ou tout simplement célèbres sous le Second Empire et la Troisième République, les princes Charles III et Albert Ier ont été sensibles au charme singulier de Marie Laetizia Rattazzi-de Rute (ex-Mme de Solms), petite fille de Lucien Bonaparte, avec qui ils ont partagé des moments de leurs existences. Bien que ces épisodes relatifs à la famille Grimaldi ne soient point évoqués par les biographes, les lettres et télégrammes inédits conservés aux Archives du Palais de Monaco en portent témoignage. L’étude présentée ici se propose d’en rendre compte.

Princess Alice of Monaco’s family origins: French emigration to New Orleans, 18<sup>th</sup>-19<sup>th</sup> centuries.

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Princess Alice of Monaco’s family origins: French emigration to New Orleans, 18th-19th centuries.

As New Orleans is celebrating this year the tercentenary of its foundation (1718-2018), the Principality of Monaco has renewed its links with the Crescent City. The Mayor of New Orleans paid a visit to Monaco the past year and was followed by a recent visit of H.S.H. Prince Albert II to New Orleans. This article highlights the origins of such links, through the figure of princess Alice de Monaco, born in New Orleans and second wife of Prince Albert Ist. The settlement of Alice Heine’s family in New Orleans dates back to the revolutionary era. It is rooted in the intense movement of people between France, the West Indies and the United States. The itineraries of the families Miltenberger, Dorfeuille and Heine emphasize several migratory waves that transformed New Orleans into a major port-city and melting pot for several generations of French-speaking migrants. Alice Heine’s maternal ancestors were French colonists that settled in Saint-Domingue and were headed to New Orleans after the revolutionary troubles that led to Haiti’s independence. Alice’s great-grandparents and grandparents found in New Orleans new opportunities for success. Her father Michel Heine, from French and German origin, arrived later on in New Orleans, in the context of the city’s booming trade in the 1850s. Alice was born in 1857 but she and her family had to put a brutal end to their American life and go back to France because of the Civil War (1861-1865).

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Aux origines familiales de la princesse Alice de Monaco. L’Émigration française à La Nouvelle-Orléans aux XVIIIe et XIXe siècles - 2018

Marieke TOUATI
Summary
Prince Albert I of Monaco and the maritime world: shipwrecked, rescuer, and protector

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Prince Albert I of Monaco and the maritime world: shipwrecked, rescuer, and protector

An early and irresistible attraction for the sea gives birth to Prince Albert I of Monaco's vocation of navigator. Contrary to what collective memory tends to remember, it is not limited to his scientific work and outstanding contribution to the progress of oceanography. The number and complexity of human activities related to the maritime domain arouse Prince's many initiatives.
The perils of the sea, in which he plays alternately the role of rescuer and undergoes the trials of the sinking, push him to try to create an International Maritime Association to fill the gaps in international law related to collisions and marine assistance. As soon as 1886, he became involved in a reasoned management of living marine resources. National and international regulations and legislative provisions are essential to avoid over-exploitation. Only scientific studies can lead to responsible legislation, all the more so if they are conducted in the framework of international commissions, such as those adopted in Geneva in 1908 for the Atlantic and the Mediterranean. Sovereign of a littoral state, Prince Albert I promulgates about twenty sovereign ordinances and fits out the roadstead of Monaco with constructions and infrastructures in order to improve the natural configuration of the site.

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Le prince Albert Ier de Monaco et le monde maritime : naufragé, sauveteur et protecteur - 2018

Jacqueline CARPINE-LANCRE
Summary

Une attirance précoce, irrésistible, pour la mer fait naître chez le prince Albert Ier de Monaco une vocation de navigateur. Elle ne se limite pas, comme la mémoire collective tend à la restreindre, à ses travaux scientifiques et à sa contribution décisive aux progrès de l’océanographie. Le nombre et la complexité des activités humaines liées au domaine maritime suscitent chez le prince de multiples initiatives.

Les « fortunes de mer », dans lesquelles, tour à tour, il joue le rôle de sauveteur et subit les épreuves du naufrage, le poussent à tenter de créer une Union maritime internationale destinée à combler les lacunes du droit international en matière d’abordages, de collisions et d’assistance maritime. Dès 1886, il se fait l’apôtre d’une gestion raisonnée des ressources vivantes marines. Des dispositions réglementaires et législatives, nationales et internationales, sont indispensables pour éviter toute surexploitation. Seules des études scientifiques peuvent conduire à une législation responsable, d’autant mieux si elles sont menées dans le cadre de commissions internationales, telles celles adoptées à Genève en 1908 pour l’Atlantique et la Méditerranée. Enfin, souverain d’un État littoral, le prince Albert Ier promulgue une vingtaine d’ordonnances souveraines et dote la rade de Monaco de constructions et d’infrastructures afin d’améliorer la configuration naturelle du site.

An explorer Prince. Albert I of Monaco to discover Madeira 1879-1912

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - An explorer Prince. Albert I of Monaco to discover Madeira 1879-1912

Exhibition prepared as part of the launching of "Explorations de Monaco" by H.S.H. Prince Albert II, presented at the Museum of Natural History of Funchal from 6 September 2017 to 7 January 2018.

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Un prince explorateur. Albert Ier de Monaco à la découverte de Madère 1879-1912 - 2018

Thomas FOUILLERON / Jacqueline CARPINE-LANCRE / Thomas BLANCHY
Summary

Exposition préparée dans le cadre du lancement des « Explorations de Monaco » par S.A.S. le Prince Albert II, présentée au Musée d’histoire naturelle de Funchal du 6 septembre 2017 au 7 janvier 2018.

A signature for palace of Monaco’s frescoes: Nicolosio Granello.

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - A signature for palace of Monaco’s frescoes: Nicolosio Granello.

This notarial charter is a receipt established in 1547 attesting that the lord of Monaco has given a reward  to a fresco painter, Nicolosio Granello, for doing a very good job. As this receipt is the only known document which set out the name of an artist who has worked in the palace at that time, it has an obvious interest for dating and attributing the frescoes presently being restored. 

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Document de l'année. Une signature pour les fresques du palais de Monaco : Nicolosio Granello - 2018

Yves GIRAUDON
Summary

Cette charte notariée est une quittance établie en 1547 attestant de la remise d’une gratification à un peintre et fresquiste, Nicolosio Granello, par le seigneur de Monaco, pour le travail de grande qualité qu’il a réalisé. S’agissant du seul document connu qui mentionne le nom d’un artiste ayant travaillé à cette époque au palais, cette quittance présente un intérêt particulier pour la datation et l’attribution des fresques actuellement en cours de restauration.

Chronique bibliographique

Article from Number 42 - 2018 - Chronique bibliographique

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Chronique bibliographique - 2018

Summary