Number 30 - 2006

Summary

This issue deals with extremely various topics through the centuries. A Middle Ages study takes us to the 15th century, on the trail of Jean Grimaldi, who was Sir Lambert’s son; another one is dedicated to the everyday life of soldiers stationed in the Monaco garrison in the 17th and 18th centuries. An article describes the board and lodging in the Principality in the 19th century. To finish with, literature is honoured with Prince Florestan I, Sacha Guitry’s honest hero; and a study is dedicated to Hercule Florence, a forgotten Monegasque figure who was one of the photography instigators. (full texts in French)

PRINCE FLORENSTAN I (1785-1856), A HERO FROM SACHA GUITRY’S OPERETTA. REAL AND TRANSFORMED LIFE.

Article from Number 30 - 2006 - PRINCE FLORENSTAN I (1785-1856), A HERO FROM SACHA GUITRY’S OPERETTA. REAL AND TRANSFORMED LIFE.

Sacha Guitry made Prince Florestan I an operetta hero. Is it because he stood for a principality based on an operetta? Or is it because of the sovereign who enjoyed theater? What are the limits of the legend and when does the real life start? The author makes a link between Sacha Guitry’s work and the historical truth. (full text in French)

SI MONACO M'ÉTAIT CONTÉ... LE PRINCE FLORESTAN Ier (1785-1856), HÉROS D'OPÉRETTE DE SACHA GUITRY. VIE REÉLLE, VIE TRANSFIGURÉE - 2006

Thomas FOUILLERON
Summary
THE BOARD AND LODGING IN MONACO IN THE 19<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 30 - 2006 - THE BOARD AND LODGING IN MONACO IN THE 19th CENTURY

We can find a trace of hotels from the 17th century; but their development started in the second-half of the 19th century, when means of transport, like the train or by the sea, got better. The Société des Bains de Mer attracted tourists thanks to the casino, settled in the Monte-Carlo area, as Charles III wished. (full text in French)

LE GÎTE ET LE COUVERT À MONACO AU XIXe SIÈCLE - 2006

Thérèse GHIZZI / Robert FILLON
Summary
JEAN GRIMALDI, AGED EIGHTEEN, HIS FATHER’S SPOKESMAN WITH KING CHARLES VIII. MAY 1486.

Article from Number 30 - 2006 - JEAN GRIMALDI, AGED EIGHTEEN, HIS FATHER’S SPOKESMAN WITH KING CHARLES VIII. MAY 1486.

At the age of 18, when he went to the French Court to meet his future wife Antoinette of Savoy, Jean Grimaldi was requested by his father to carry out a delicate mission. This article is a good opportunity to immerse in the medieval time, when the Monaco Lordship had to fight against the other Lordships who disputed his territory. (full text in French)

JEAN GRIMALDI, DIX-HUIT ANS, PORTE-PAROLE DE SON PÈRE LAMBERT AUPRÈS DU ROI CHARLES VIII. MAI 1486 - 2006

Inès IGIER-PASSET
Summary
FROM MONACO TO BRAZIL : HERCULE FLORENCE, A FORGOTTEN TRAVELER AND INVENTOR

Article from Number 30 - 2006 - FROM MONACO TO BRAZIL : HERCULE FLORENCE, A FORGOTTEN TRAVELER AND INVENTOR

Hercule Florence was born in 1804 in Nice, from a Monegasque mother. Attracted by wide open spaces and discoveries, he migrated to Brazil twenty years later, as part of a scientific expedition. He became an ingenious inventor : “zoophonia”, “polygraphia”, but above all, he created in August 1833, the photography concept. Furthermore, he was the first one to use this word. (full text in French)

DE MONACO AU BRÉSIL : HERCULE FLORENCE, VOYAGEUR ET INVENTEUR OUBLIÉ - 2006

William LURET
Summary
GARRISON TOWN : INTEGRATION TOWN ? THE SERVICEMEN AND MONACO IN THE 17<sup>th</sup> AND 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURIES

Article from Number 30 - 2006 - GARRISON TOWN : INTEGRATION TOWN ? THE SERVICEMEN AND MONACO IN THE 17th AND 18th CENTURIES

In 1605, Monaco became a garrison town. This article talks about the French servicemen who stood in for the Spanish, after 1641. They offered the local population an additional work force, their own health workers, and they were also at the origin of a commodity traffic that benefited all. However, this cohabitation was a source of brawls and troubles. In this case, can we talk about integration ? (full text in French)

VILLE DE GARNISON : VILLE D'INTÉGRATION ? LES MILITAIRES ET MONACO AUX XVIIe ET XVIIIe SIÈCLES - 2006

Olivia NOAT-ANTONI
Summary