Number 2 - 1978

Summary

This issue highlights two dynastic and ecclesiastical figures : Antoine I‘s brother, bishop of Besançon at the beginning of the 18th century, and Augustin Grimaldi, both bishop of Grasse and Lord of Monaco at the beginning of the 16th century. Coins and stamps, language and heraldry, are here presented as a showcase of the sovereignty. The summary of a university degree about the Enlightenment and the overview of Prince Antoine I’s musical correspondence, highlight the integration of Monaco and its princes in the free flow of ideas and cultural practices. (full texts in French)

HIS HIGHNESS LORD HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS OF GRIMALDI. BISHOP OF BESANÇON, 1669-1748

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - HIS HIGHNESS LORD HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS OF GRIMALDI. BISHOP OF BESANÇON, 1669-1748

Honoré-François of Grimaldi was the youngest son of Louis I and Catherine-Charlotte de Gramont, and the brother of Antoine I. Firstly Knight of Malta, he studied theology at the Sorbonne and obtained his Bachelor degree in 1695. Ordained as a priest in 1699, he then became priest of Monaco. In 1717, he headed the Saint-Maixent Abbey in Poitou, and was finally appointed bishop of Besançon in 1723. He died in Paris in 1748, at the age of 78. (full text in French)

SON ALTESSE MONSEIGNEUR HONORÉ-FRANÇOIS DE GRIMALDI ARCHEVÊQUE DE BESANÇON - 1669-1748 - 1978

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
PROVERBS IN THE MONEGASQUE EVERYDAY LIFE

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - PROVERBS IN THE MONEGASQUE EVERYDAY LIFE

After a first part dedicated to the use and importance of proverbs in general, Robert Boisson lists several Monegasque proverbs, sorted by themes. (full text in French)

LES PROVERBES DANS LA VIE MONÉGASQUE - 1978

Robert BOISSON
Summary
THE EVOLUTION OF THE MONEGASQUE PHILATELY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - THE EVOLUTION OF THE MONEGASQUE PHILATELY

The first stamps from Monaco were issued in 1885. Bearing the effigy of Prince Charles III, they were letterpress printed, and some of them already had two colours. In 1922, Monaco was one of the first countries to print stamps in intaglio. They illustrated various places : the Palace, the Rock of Monaco as well as Sainte Devote's Bridge. (full text in French)

L'ÉVOLUTION DANS LA PHILATÉLIE MONÉGASQUE - 1978

Hyacinthe CHIAVASSA
Summary
THE GRIMALDIS FACING THE LIMITATION OF THE FRENCH HERALDIC CAPACITY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - THE GRIMALDIS FACING THE LIMITATION OF THE FRENCH HERALDIC CAPACITY

After a reminder regarding the various branches of the Grimaldi family, the author talks about the strict limitations of the French heraldic capacity and its impacts on the different Grimaldi family members, under the reign of Louis XIV and during the First Empire. (full text in French)

LES GRIMALDI FACE AUX LIMITATIONS DE LA CAPACITÉ HÉRALDIQUE EN FRANCE - 1978

Pierre-Jean CIAUDO
Summary
NEW IDEAS IN MONACO DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - NEW IDEAS IN MONACO DURING THE ENLIGHTENMENT

Alain Cudraz paints a broad picture of the Principality in the 18th century, especially under the long reign of Prince Honoré III. The author studies and establishes some links between several aspects of Monaco at that time. Among them : its area, population, administration, the princely economic thoughts, the agricultural economy, the commercial measures, arts, entertainments, feasts and printing. (full text in French)

LES IDÉES NOUVELLES À MONACO AU SIÈCLE DES LUMIÈRES - 1978

Alain CUDRAZ
Summary
ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18<sup>th</sup> CENTURY

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - ARCHIVE DOCUMENTS : A MUSICAL CORRESPONDENCE IN THE 18th CENTURY

Art lover, Prince Antoine I was interested in the evolution of literature, paint, but above all music, his chosen field. From 1721 to 1730, he engaged a regular correspondence with Dominique Bernardony, his representative in Paris, or with Le Page, his secretary. This correspondence, the minutes books of which are kept in the Archives of the Prince’s Palace, gives us some more information about the  Prince’s permanent quest for the last religious or profane works printed in Paris. The article shows a selection of quotes from documents dated 1729, in relation with music. (full text in French)

DOCUMENTS D'ARCHIVES : UNE CORRESPONDANCE MUSICALE AU XVIIIe SIÈCLE - 1978

Georges FAVRE
Summary
AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI, WITNESS AND PLAYER OF THE MEDITERRANEAN HISTORY AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI, WITNESS AND PLAYER OF THE MEDITERRANEAN HISTORY AT THE TIME OF CHARLES QUINT

Augustin Grimaldi devoted himself to an ecclesiastical life. In 1501, after his studies, he was in charge of the Lérin Abbey, one of the oldest and the most powerful abbeys of Provence. He was appointed bishop of Grasse in 1505, when his uncle died. In 1523, after his brother’s murder, Lucien Grimaldi, Lord of Monaco, Augustin had to act as Lord of Monaco. He entered into an alliance with Charles Quint in 1524, with the Burgos Treaty. (full text in French)

AUGUSTIN GRIMALDI TÉMOIN ET ACTEUR DE L'HISTOIRE MÉDITERRANÉENNE À L'ÉPOQUE DE CHARLES QUINT - 1978

Georges GRINDA
Summary
HONORE V’S CURRENCIES IN MARSEILLE (1837-1838)

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - HONORE V’S CURRENCIES IN MARSEILLE (1837-1838)

The article deals with 9 authentic documents, which reveal the confusion in Marseille in 1837, after the emergence of high quality coins made with copper and stricken by the « Hôtel des Monnaies de Monaco ». Indeed, the currency circulation out of the Principality was a problem for political reasons. (full text in French)

LES MONNAIES D'HONORÉ V À MARSEILLE (1837-1838) - 1978

E.-J. LETALLEC
Summary
GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE IN MONACO

Article from Number 2 - 1978 - GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE IN MONACO

Apollinaire spent part of his childhood in Monaco, between 1887 and 1895. Even if he did not make any reference of this period in his work, or only once in obiter, the years spent in Monaco had a significant influence in his poet career, as he was educated at that time. According to Thérèse Romeo, Monaco, its casino and above all, the Saint-Charles’ school, shaped Guillaume Apollinaire’s sensibility. (full text in French)

GUILLAUME APOLLINAIRE ET MONACO - 1978

Thérèse ROMEO
Summary