Number 1 - 1977

Summary

"We had a duty to give the opportunity, to local and international researchers who leant over the history of Monaco with selflessness, to see the result of their studious and patient work. Thus, by encouraging the achievement of this new review, H.S.H. the Sovereign Prince, shows his interest in history and his gratefulness to people who are at the service of the reputation of Monaco". This was the objective of Franck Biancheri, the palace’s archives curator and founder of the review. He is also the author of the preface of this first eclectic issue, dealing with numismatics, linguistics, military, religious and musical history. (full texts in French)

A PRIEST FROM MONACO IN THE 17<sup>th</sup> CENTURY : DON DOMINIQUE PACCHIERO (1580/1585 – 1662)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - A PRIEST FROM MONACO IN THE 17th CENTURY : DON DOMINIQUE PACCHIERO (1580/1585 – 1662)

Born around 1580-1585 in an old and important family from Menton and Roquebrune, Dominique Pacchiero became, in the 17th century, an important character from the Monaco history. Early attracted by the priesthood, he was nominated, in 1615, priest of the Saint Nicholas parish, by the bishop of Nice and the Lord and Prince of Monaco, Honoré II. Man of the cloth, historian, chronicler and future Prince’s privy councillor, Don Parecchiero was a smart diplomat and man of influence in Monaco. (full text in French)

UN CURÉ DE MONACO AU XVIIe SIÈCLE : DON DOMENICO PACCHIERO (1580/1585–1662) - 1977

Louis BAUDOIN
Summary
ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS : THE MEETING BETWEEN HONORÉ V AND NAPOLEON ON HIS RETURN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA, ON MARCH 2, 1815

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - ARCHIVAL DOCUMENTS : THE MEETING BETWEEN HONORÉ V AND NAPOLEON ON HIS RETURN FROM THE ISLAND OF ELBA, ON MARCH 2, 1815

On his return from the island of Elba in 1815, near Cannes, the Emperor Napoleon met Prince Honoré V, who came to repossess his State. This episode was the source of a witticism, probably inspired by a cronicler of that time, then taken up in history books and even by Alexandre Dumas. However, this is a picturesque view further from the truth. (full text in French)

DOCUMENTS D'ARCHIVES : LA RENCONTRE D'HONORÉ V AVEC NAPOLÉON AU RETOUR DE l'ÎLE D'ELBE, LE 2 MARS 1815 - 1977

Franck BIANCHERI
Summary

Lors de son retour de l’île d’Elbe en 1815, près de Cannes, l’empereur Napoléon rencontre le prince Honoré V, qui vient reprendre possession de ses États. Cet épisode est à l’origine d’une anecdote en forme de boutade, probablement imaginée par un chroniqueur de l’époque, puis reprise dans les livres d’histoire et même par Alexandre Dumas dans un récit. Il s’agit pourtant d’une vision pittoresque éloignée de la réalité.

THE ORIGINS OF THE LYRIC THEATER IN MONTE-CARLO. FROM THE GAMING HOUSES TO SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE ORIGINS OF THE LYRIC THEATER IN MONTE-CARLO. FROM THE GAMING HOUSES TO SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879)

In parallel with the creation of Monte-Carlo, the second part of the 19th century saw the develpment of artistic activities, which were aimed at entertaining the wealthy European visitors customers who came to Monaco to spend the winter. In 1866, a small theatre was built and the first theatre seasons started in Monte-Carlo. This lyric life was marked by the creation of the Salle Garnier at the end of the 1870s. (full text in French)

LES ORIGINES DU THÉÂTRE LYRIQUE DE MONTE-CARLO. DES MAISONS DE JEUX À LA SALLE GARNIER (1855-1879) - 1977

Paule DRUILHE
Summary
A MONEGASQUE COMPOSER : HONORE LANGLE (1741-1807)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - A MONEGASQUE COMPOSER : HONORE LANGLE (1741-1807)

Born into a French family originally from Picardie who settled in Monaco in the 17th century, Honoré Langlé showed an aptitude for music from a young age. At the age of 15, he went to Naples to learn composition. After having managed the Genoa theater, he went to France in 1768, where he became increasingly involved in the artistic life in Paris, before reaching an honourable rank in the contemporary French school. (full text in French)

UN COMPOSITEUR MONÉGASQUE : HONORÉ LANGLÉ (1741–1807) - 1977

Georges FAVRE
Summary
MONACO : ITS NATIONAL IDIOM

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - MONACO : ITS NATIONAL IDIOM

After dealing with the importance and the use of dialectology, the author analyses the " Monaco speaking language ", its origins, its geographical area and specificities. He reviews the similarities and the differences bewteen the Monegasque and the genoa speeches, but also the provençal influence. (full text in French)

MONACO : SON IDIOME NATIONAL - 1977

Louis FROLLA
Summary
THE SOURCES OF THE « PASSIO DEVOTAE ». A UNIQUE MANUSCRIPT. PARIS, B. N. LAT. 5248 (12<sup>th</sup> CENTURY)

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE SOURCES OF THE « PASSIO DEVOTAE ». A UNIQUE MANUSCRIPT. PARIS, B. N. LAT. 5248 (12th CENTURY)

In the tradition, Devota, Devote, a young christian girl born in Corsica, was allegedly tortured during the Diocletian and Maximian Empire, in 303 or 304. Her body, kidnapped by the Christians, would have been carried in a small craft to Monaco, and entombed in a valley near a church dedicated to Saint Georges. The facts are reported in a document entitled Passio Devotae, or Saint Devote's Passion, the only biographical source of this figure. (full text in French) 

LES SOURCES DE LA PASSIO DEVOTAE. UN MANUSCRIT INÉDIT. PARIS, B.N. LAT. 5248 (XIIe SIÈCLE) - 1977

Claude PASSET
Summary
LA CONDAMINE OF MONACO IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - LA CONDAMINE OF MONACO IN THE MIDDLE AGES

Located at the foot of the roch, in the cove of the port of Monaco, La Condamine could be considered as an historic suburb, as opposed to an old village huddled in a defensive relief, which was the case of many european cities, in medieval times. Far from it : this lowland sloping down to the coastline, urbanized late. Jean-Baptiste Robert studies the origins of the name « Condamine », the reasons behind the absence of urbanization, and talks about its possible cultivations in the Middle Ages. (full text in French)

LA CONDAMINE AU MOYEN ÂGE - 1977

Jean-Baptiste ROBERT
Summary
THE “HÔTEL DES MONNAIES” IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGN OF PRINCE HONORÉ V

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE “HÔTEL DES MONNAIES” IN MONACO UNDER THE REIGN OF PRINCE HONORÉ V

At the beginning of the 19th century, willing to develop its principality, Honoré V tried to promote the growth of small industries in Monaco. Among other measures, he decided to open a Mint in order to strike Monegasque coins. The factory activity started in 1837 but it was not a success. In 1838, the activity stopped and the workers were fired, because of a ban of Monaco’s currencies in France and Piedmont. (full text in French)

L’HÔTEL DES MONNAIES DE MONACO SOUS LE RÈGNE DU PRINCE HONORÉ V - 1977

Jean-Jacques TURC
Summary
THE GARRISON OF MONACO FROM 1215 TO 1605

Article from Number 1 - 1977 - THE GARRISON OF MONACO FROM 1215 TO 1605

The walls of the current Prince’s Palace were built in 1215, with the aim of defending the town, a Genoese colony of citizens who came from the metropolis. This town became a garrison, initially accommodating soldiers. The article covers the evolution of the garrison from the 13th to the beginning of the 17th century. (full text in French) 

LA GARNISON DE MONACO DE 1215 À 1605 - 1977

Stéphane VILAREM
Summary